The assessment of tobacco dependence in young users of smokeless tobacco.

@article{Difranza2012TheAO,
  title={The assessment of tobacco dependence in young users of smokeless tobacco.},
  author={Joseph R Difranza and Michael Sweet and Judith A. Savageau and Wannakuwatte Waduge Sanouri Ursprung},
  journal={Tobacco control},
  year={2012},
  volume={21 5},
  pages={471-6}
}
INTRODUCTION As all published measures of dependence for users of smokeless tobacco (dippers) have poor reliability, in the present work the Hooked on Nicotine Checklist (HONC) and the Autonomy Over Smoking Scale (AUTOS) were evaluated for use with this population. Dippers and smokers were also compared in relation to dependence, the pleasure derived from using tobacco and the latency to the onset of withdrawal. METHODS In 2010, an anonymous self-completed paper survey was administered to… CONTINUE READING

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