The assessment of lens opacity postmortem and its implication in forensics.

Abstract

Visual impairment, mostly due to cataracts, has been demonstrated to be an important factor associated with traffic accidents. Although vision screening is standard procedure during licensing in order to prevent motor vehicle accidents, an eye exam is not typically administered after an accident has already occurred. Postmortem assessment of lens opacity in victims of car accidents would provide helpful information for attesting to the liability of the parties in specific accidents, determining the circumstances of the accident, and developing preventive measures for both drivers and pedestrians alike. In this paper, we explore the use of different methods and their limitations for assessing lens opacity postmortem. We discuss the possible use and benefits of a simple, but as-yet untested method: retrobulbar translucency. The method would be based on the recording of shadows formed by opaque regions of the lens while the eye is illuminated from the back with a rigid source of light. The efficacy and objectivity of the method, its reproducibility, and the inter- and intra-observer error should be tested before implementing such a technique to be regularly used to determine lens opacity in cadavers.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jflm.2013.08.007

Cite this paper

@article{Stemberga2013TheAO, title={The assessment of lens opacity postmortem and its implication in forensics.}, author={Valter Stemberga and Anja Petaros and Damir Kovacevi{\'c} and Miran {\vC}oklo and Neven Simicevic and Alan Bosnar}, journal={Journal of forensic and legal medicine}, year={2013}, volume={20 8}, pages={1142-4} }