The assessment of facial variation in 4747 British school children.

@article{Toma2012TheAO,
  title={The assessment of facial variation in 4747 British school children.},
  author={Arshed M. Toma and Alexei I. Zhurov and Rebecca A Playle and David Marshall and Paul L. Rosin and Stephen Richmond},
  journal={European journal of orthodontics},
  year={2012},
  volume={34 6},
  pages={
          655-64
        }
}
The aim of this study is to identify key components contributing to facial variation in a large population-based sample of 15.5-year-old children (2514 females and 2233 males). The subjects were recruited from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Three-dimensional facial images were obtained for each subject using two high-resolution Konica Minolta laser scanners. Twenty-one reproducible facial landmarks were identified and their coordinates were recorded. The facial images were… CONTINUE READING

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