The art of governing and everyday resistance: “rationalization” of Sámi reindeer husbandry in Norway since the 1970s

  title={The art of governing and everyday resistance: “rationalization” of S{\'a}mi reindeer husbandry in Norway since the 1970s},
  author={Kathrine Ivsett Johnsen and Tor A. Benjaminsen},
  journal={Acta Borealia},
  pages={1 - 25}
ABSTRACT Since the late 1970s, a policy objective in Norway has been to rationalize Sámi reindeer husbandry. Among the government officials, there is, however, a concern that this objective has not been successfully met in West Finnmark due to “too many reindeer” and “too many pastoralists” degrading the pastures and jeopardizing the economy of pastoralism. Engaging with the concepts of “the art of governing” and “everyday resistance”, we examined the state rationalization programme. We… 

Conflicting knowledges, competing worldviews : Norwegian governance of Sámi reindeer husbandry in West Finnmark, Norway

Since the late 1970s, a policy objective has been to rationalize Sámi reindeer husbandry in Norway. Among the government officials, there is, however, a concern that this objective has not been

Sámi reindeer governance in Norway as competing knowledge systems: a participatory study

Using a participatory research approach, we assess the knowledge systems and political ontology of reindeer husbandry. The study was conducted by a mixed team of scientists and Sámi reindeer herders

Pastoralists and peasants: perspectives on agrarian change

ABSTRACT For many years, studies of peasants and pastoralists have run in parallel, creating mutual blind-spots. This article argues that, despite contrasting research traditions and conceptual

Negotiating power from the margins: Encountering everyday experiences and contestations to REDD + in Southern Tanzania

This paper provides an account of everyday discursive and material practises deployed by marginalised forest-dependent groups in the course of resisting the implementation of Reduced Emission from

Falling between the cracks of the governing systems: Risk and uncertainty in pastoralism in northern Norway

Rapid and interacting change pose increasing threat to livelihoods and food production, and pastoralists in Nordland, northern Norway are at cross-roads both economically and culturally. Some of

Killing Reindeer: A Spatial Analysis of Nordic States and Nomadic Forms of Life in the Arctic

To conceptualize the violence of the Nordic states in the Arctic, this article provides a spatial analysis of relationships between Norway, Sweden, and Finland and the Sámi and reindeer inhabiting

Productivity beyond density: A critique of management models for reindeer pastoralism in Norway

The official governance of the reindeer pastoralist system in the north of Norway relies overwhelmingly on one central argument: that in order to maintain a sustainable system, maximum numbers and

Power theories in political ecology

Power plays a key role in definitions of political ecology. Likewise, empirical studies within this field tend to provide detailed presentations of various uses of power, involving corporate and

Depicting decline: images and myths in environmental discourse analysis

ABSTRACT Visual representations remain under-studied in environmental discourse analysis. Drawing on Barthes’ notions of denotation, connotation and myth in visual communication, I provide three

Precious blood and nourishing offal: past and present slaughtering perspectives in Sámi reindeer pastoralism

In the Arctic, indigenous reindeer herding peoples rely on a pastoralist food and knowledge system that supplies them with protein, vitamins, and minerals. Reindeer pastoralism is a product of the



Seeing like the state or like pastoralists? Conflicting narratives on the governance of Sámi reindeer husbandry in Finnmark, Norway

The article examines key actors' perceptions on why Norwegian policy objectives aimed at securing sustainable reindeer husbandry through participation have failed in West Finnmark. Based on

The Foucault effect : studies in governmentality : with two lectures by and an interview with Michel Foucault

Based on Michel Foucault's 1978 and 1979 lectures at the Colle ge de France on governmental rationalities and his 1977 interview regarding his work on imprisonment, this volume is the long-awaited

Weapons of the Weak: Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance.

Like The Moral Economy of the Peasant, Scott's last book, this one makes a huge argument that should provoke ideological as well as duller academic tempers. All who think hard about problems of

Government intervention into Sámi Reindeer‐management in Norway: Has it prevented or provoked ‘tragedies of the commons'? 1

Looking back into the history of Sami reindeer pastoralism, the author wishes to consider the development of reindeer‐management in Norway ‐and the present difficulties in the pastures of interior

The art of not being governed : an anarchist history of upland Southeast Asia

From the acclaimed author and scholar James C. Scott, the compelling tale of Asian peoples who until recently have stemmed the vast tide of state-making to live at arm's length from any organized

Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed

In this wide-ranging and original book, James C. Scott analyzes failed cases of large-scale authoritarian plans in a variety of fields. He argues that centrally managed social plans derail when they

Week 7 Preview Cheryl & Qianni Reading 1 : " Governmentality " In The Foucault Effect : Studies in Governmentality

Foucault argues that the term ‘Governmentality’ should be coined to analyze government and power in a state. He attempted to outline a literature review of how past works have perceived the ‘art of

Saami Reindeer Pastoralism: Quo Vadis?

‘What kind of pastoralism do we/you want tomorrow?’ is a question on the minds of many a Norwegian Saami pastoralist as well as of engaged biologists and social scientists. Addressing it, this

Misreading the Arctic landscape: A political ecology of reindeer, carrying capacities, and overstocking in Finnmark, Norway

Sámi reindeer pastoralism in Norway is said to be in a state of crisis that has lasted for several decades and is due to excessive numbers of reindeer. A general overstocking of the range is believed

Resistance, acquiescence or incorporation? An introduction to land grabbing and political reactions ‘from below’

Political reactions ‘from below’ to global land grabbing have been vastly more varied and complex than is usually assumed. This essay introduces a collection of ground-breaking studies that discuss