The archaeology of contemporary mass graves

@article{Haglund2001TheAO,
  title={The archaeology of contemporary mass graves},
  author={W. Haglund and M. Connor and D. Scott},
  journal={Historical Archaeology},
  year={2001},
  volume={35},
  pages={57-69}
}
The excavation of mass graves provides information and documentation for both human rights work and for forensic medico-legal investigations. Medico-legal documentation for the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda is a major reason for recent excavation of large mass graves in these countries. The mass grave excavations have been among the largest since World War II. The investigative teams incorporated… Expand

Figures and Topics from this paper

Evidential Regimes of Forensic Archaeology
Evidence excavacated from mass graves and clandestine burials has played an important role in the international prosecution of human rights abuses as well as in individual criminal cases. TheExpand
Archaeology and the Forensic Investigation of Recent Mass Graves: Ethical Issues for a New Practice of Archaeology
The close of World War II marked the advent of international human rights legislation and the prosecution of individuals for human rights crimes, by both nation states and international tribunals.Expand
A First World War example of forensic archaeology.
  • V. Martin
  • Medicine, History
  • Forensic science international
  • 2020
TLDR
The example given here in France and Belgium is one of the earliest examples of Forensic Archaeology for humanitarian purposes, and the instructions issued are probably the earliest written instructions for a Forensic Archaeological excavation. Expand
An experimental study of two grave excavation methods: Arbitrary Level Excavation and Stratigraphic Excavation
Abstract The process of archaeological excavation is one of destruction. It normally provides archaeologists with a singular opportunity to recognise, define, extract and record archaeologicalExpand
Keeping the pieces together: comparison of mass grave excavation methodology.
TLDR
Results demonstrate that significantly greater numbers of unassociated elements resulted from the excavation of Grave A using the pedestal method, both in total number of disarticulated bones as well as within 'large' and 'medium' categories. Expand
Swinging the blue lamp: The forensic archaeology of contemporary child and animal burial in the UK
Abstract This paper examines strategies of memorialisation in contemporary illicit infant and informal domestic animal burials as recorded by the activity of forensic archaeologists in the UK. TheExpand
Using Forensic Anthropology to Investigate Mass Graves: Comparative Case Studies from Rwanda and Guatemala
Excavation of mass graves can help in the aftermath of genocides by providing closure for surviving families and aiding in successful prosecution of criminals. In this article, I compare the methodsExpand
The hidden archive of historical human inhumations locked within burial soils
The study of soils within an archaeological context is often limited to the examination of landscapes and the environmental impact anthropogenic interactions have on their formation. Similarly,Expand
Working as a Forensic Archaeologist and/or Anthropologist in Post-conflict Contexts: A Consideration of Professional Responsibilities to the Missing, the Dead and Their Relatives
This chapter examines the professional responsibilities of the forensic archaeology/anthropology practitioner and some of the ethical dilemmas that are associated with locating, collecting, recordingExpand
From dust to dust: ethical and practical issues involved in the location, exhumation, and identification of bodies from mass graves.
TLDR
Ethical and practical issues resulting from efforts to locate, exhume, and identify the remains of mass fatalities are presented. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 34 REFERENCES
Planning the archaeological recovery of evidence from recent mass graves.
  • M. Skinner
  • History, Medicine
  • Forensic science international
  • 1987
Mass graves commonly contain hundreds of putrefying bodies, which bear evidence of torture and extrajudicial execution. These require careful excavation using archaeological techniques to recover theExpand
Forensic Research : Expanding the Concept of Applied Archaeology
Anthropology, along with chemistry, geology, physics, medicine, and mathematics, consists of scientific modes of inquiry and techniques that have application for the public good beyond the boundariesExpand
Studies in Crime: An Introduction to Forensic Archaeology
The study of forensic evidence using archaeology is a new discipline which has rapidly gained importance, not only in archaeological studies but also in the investigation of real crimes.Expand
The Role of Archaeology in the Recovery and Interpretation of Human Remains from an Outdoor Forensic Setting
In a forensic setting, much contextual information can only be acquired during the scene recovery phase of the investigation and is of most value when the information is gathered following standardExpand
Forensic archeology and the need for flexible excavation strategies: a case study.
TLDR
Anthropologists from the U.S. Army Central Identification Laboratory, Hawaii (CILHI) are routinely confronted with challenging situations when searching for the remains of American servicemen lost in armed conflicts, and must adapt conventional archeological techniques to unconventional excavation situations to maintain the crucial balance between maximum data recovery and scientific protocol. Expand
Excavation of a Vietnam-era aircraft crash site: use of cross-cultural understanding and dual forensic recovery methods.
  • A. D. Webster
  • Engineering, Medicine
  • Journal of forensic sciences
  • 1998
TLDR
The excavation of a 23 year-old aircraft crash site in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the transformational processes preceding its excavation in 1995-1996 are detailed and the use of dual forensic recovery methods is advised. Expand
Techniques for Locating Burials, with Emphasis on the Probe
TLDR
Examples include the location of four individuals killed during the raid on the Branch Davidian Compound in Mount Carmel, Texas, and the search for burials in cemeteries that had been desecrated. Expand
The anatomy of the Nuremberg trials : a personal memoir
A history of the Nuremberg war-crimes trials by one of the key participants, Telford Taylor, the distinguished American lawyer who was a member of the prosecution staff and eventually became chiefExpand
Forensic anthropology
Witness from the Grave: The Stories Bones Tell.By Christopher Joyce and Eric Stover. Little, Brown/Bloomsbury: 1991. Pp.333. $19.95, £16.95.
A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Detection of Clandestine Graves
A multidisciplinary team that is comprised of professionals from industry, academia, and law enforcement who are studying methods to locate clandestine graves has been formed in Colorado. ThisExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...