The archaeology of Anthropocene rivers: water management and landscape change in ‘Gold Rush’ Australia

  title={The archaeology of Anthropocene rivers: water management and landscape change in ‘Gold Rush’ Australia},
  author={Susan Lawrence and Peter Davies and Jodi Turnbull},
  pages={1348 - 1362}
Abstract Future scientists seeking evidence of the Anthropocene on a planetary scale will find a series of structurally similar deposits dating to within the same few thousand years at multiple locations around the world. It will be evident that they were produced by a global human drive to exploit the Earth's mineral wealth. The impact and the evidence left by this phenomenon in the ‘Gold Rush’ region of Victoria, Australia are particularly clear. Using a multi-scalar approach, the authors… 
Archaeology and the Anthropocene in the Study of Settler Australia
Environmental archaeology of settler colonialism in Australia is well placed to make an important contribution to our understanding of the Anthropocene. Environmental data provide perspectives on
The Archaeology of Water on the Victorian Goldfields
Water played a crucial role in gold mining in the Australian colony of Victoria during the nineteenth century. Recent archaeological research has identified extensive surviving evidence of water
Groundwater extraction on the goldfields of Victoria, Australia
Groundwater supply systems constructed by gold miners in Victoria during the nineteenth century were highly significant in the historical development of water law and water licensing in Australia.
Excavations, Surveys and Heritage Management in Victoria
Foraging for cultural roots: Murnong and experimental archaeology 101 Maurizio Campanelli, Alice Mora, Abby Cooper, Daniel R. Clarke, Will Marks, Farren Branson, Michael Douglas, Lachlan Marks, Leigh
Anthropological Archaeology in 2016: Cooperation and Collaborations in Archaeological Research and Practice
Ideas of collaboration and cooperation are often implicit, taken-for-granted elements in archaeological models and theorizing. Overshadowed by a growing archaeological preoccupation with warfare,
Disentangling activity traces on Australian goldfields: An experimental study of quartz assemblages derived from knapping and gold prospecting
Abstract Archaeologists have long grappled with identifying quartz artefacts in the archaeological record. The particular fracture mechanics of quartz can complicate the distinction between knapped
Mining modification of river systems: A case study from the Australian gold rush
Mobilisation of large volumes of bedrock, regolith and soil has long been a characteristic feature of metal mining. Before the 20th century this was most efficiently achieved through harnessing the


The relationship between archaeological stratigraphy and artificial ground and its significance in the Anthropocene
Abstract This paper investigates the relationship between archaeological stratigraphy (in archaeology) and artificial ground (in geology) and considers their wider application to the investigation
Geology of mankind
It seems appropriate to assign the term ‘Anthropocene’ to the present, in many ways human-dominated, geological epoch, supplementing the Holocene—the warm period of the past 10–12 millennia.
Marking time in Geomorphology: should we try to formalise an Anthropocene definition?
The value of a formally defined Anthropocene for geomorphologists is discussed. Human impacts have been diachronistic, multifaceted and episodic, as demonstrated by the record of alluvial deposition
Harvesting water on a Victorian colonial goldfield
Water was vital to almost every aspect of gold mining in the colonial period, but many areas had limited access to reliable water supplies. Miners responded by building substantial reservoirs and
Fluid Pasts: Archaeology of Flow
Fluid Pasts outlines an innovative archaeological approach to the study of rivers and flowing water, challenging the view that rivers are somehow more natural, less cultural than other kinds of
Histories for Changing Times: Entering the Anthropocene?
Abstract In 2000, Paul Crutzen proposed that the Earth had entered a new geological epoch, the Anthropocene, where humanity is changing planetary systems. Since this time, the Anthropocene has
Evaluating the Anthropocene: is there something useful about a geological epoch of humans?
The concept of the Anthropocene has become increasingly prominent in recent years, but is it best defined as a geological period or as part of a longer-term pattern of human actions? And when did it
Archaeology of the Anthropocene
What role will archaeology play in the Anthropocene – the proposed new geological epoch marked by human impact on Earth systems? That is the question discussed by thirteen archaeologists and other