The applied physiology of American football.

@article{Hoffman2008TheAP,
  title={The applied physiology of American football.},
  author={Jay R. Hoffman},
  journal={International journal of sports physiology and performance},
  year={2008},
  volume={3 3},
  pages={
          387-92
        }
}
  • J. Hoffman
  • Published 1 September 2008
  • Education
  • International journal of sports physiology and performance
American football is the most popular sport in the United States. Its popularity is likely related to the intense, fast-paced, physical style of play. The importance of strength and conditioning to success in football has been long understood. In fact, the strength and conditioning profession in North America can take its roots from American football. However, only recently has scientific study confirmed the positive relationships between strength, speed, and power to success in this sport… 
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TLDR
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A COMPARISON OF THE NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE COACHES STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING PRACTICES 1997-1998 TO 2018
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TLDR
Telemetry results sup port injury statistics by indicating that aerobic condi tioning should have a significant role in the training program of the professional football player.
Strength Changes During an In‐Season Resistance‐Training Program for Football
TLDR
Analysis of the effects of intensity and volume of training during a 2 d-wk-1 in-season resistance-training program (RTP) for American football players showed that athletes training at ≥80% of their PRE 1RM had significantly greater strength improvements than athletes trained at <80% the 1RM.
COMPARISON OF OLYMPIC VS. TRADITIONAL POWER LIFTING TRAINING PROGRAMS IN FOOTBALL PLAYERS
TLDR
Results suggest that OL can provide a significant advantage over PL in vertical jump performance changes and recommend that OL should be considered as an Olympic lifting group for the 2020 Olympics.
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Starters and nonstarters on NCAA Division I-A football teams were compared on the predictor variables of body weight, bench press and squat strength, vertical jump height, and 36.6-m run time
COMPARISON OF PHYSICAL AND PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF NCAA DIVISION I FOOTBALL PLAYERS: 1987 AND 2000
TLDR
From 1987 until 2000, Division I college football players in general have become bigger, stronger, faster, and more powerful.
COMPARISON OF LOADED AND UNLOADED JUMP SQUAT TRAINING ON STRENGTH/POWER PERFORMANCE IN COLLEGE FOOTBALL PLAYERS
TLDR
Evidence of the benefits of the jump squat exercise during a short-duration (5-week) training program for eliciting strength and power gains is provided and the eccentric phase of this ballistic movement appears to have important implications for elicitating these strength gains in college football players during an off-season training program.
COMPARISON OF SELECTED PHYSICAL FITNESS AND PERFORMANCE VARIABLES BETWEEN NCAA DIVISION I AND II FOOTBALL PLAYERS
TLDR
It is found that Division I players were better in 58 of 117 comparisons (p ≤ 0.01) and Division II players were not found to be better in any of the variables studied.
Physical Performance Characteristics of American Collegiate Football Players
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Comparison Between Different Off-Season Resistance Training Programs in Division III American College Football Players
TLDR
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TLDR
Results indicate that the extent of muscle deoxygenation is reduced during high-intensity exercise and that muscle oxygen recovery kinetics improves over the duration of a competitive season of football.
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