The application of the name Xylaria hypoxylon, based on Clavaria hypoxylon of Linnaeus*

@article{Stadler2014TheAO,
  title={The application of the name Xylaria hypoxylon, based on Clavaria hypoxylon of Linnaeus*},
  author={Marc Stadler and David L. Hawksworth and Jacques Fournier},
  journal={IMA Fungus},
  year={2014},
  volume={5},
  pages={57 - 66}
}
Although Xylaria hypoxylon is one of the most familiar fungi of temperate regions, the basionym of the name, Clavaria hypoxylon of Linnaeus, has remained untypified. Here we assess the original five elements included in the 1753 protologue; no candidate specimen was located but two illustrations Linnaeus cited were considered, one a mixture of species and the other fanciful. As the name is sanctioned, following clarifications in the Melbourne Code, elements cited by Fries when the name was… 

Figures from this paper

Type studies in the Rhizocarpon geographicum group (Rhizocarpaceae, lichenized Ascomycota)

The reporting of chemical reactions and some morphological characters was found to be inconsistent and likely to lead to errors of identification, which is unfortunate in view of the widespread use of the complex in glaciology for lichenometry.

Resurrection and emendation of the Hypoxylaceae, recognised from a multigene phylogeny of the Xylariales

A comprehensive phylogenetic analysis revealed a clear-cut segregation of the Xylariaceae into several major clades, which was well in accordance with previously established morphological and chemotaxonomic concepts.

Elucidation of the life cycle of the endophytic genus Muscodor and its transfer to Induratia in Induratiaceae fam. nov., based on a polyphasic taxonomic approach

The phylogeny shows that Muscodor species have affinities to the xylarialean genera Emarcea and Induratia, which is corroborated by the fact that their sexual states produce characteristic apiospores, which allow for the integration of Mus codor in Induratian, i.e. the genus that was historically described first.

Mycosphere Essays 13 – Do xylariaceous macromycetes make up most of the Xylariomycetidae?

This essay focuses on the micro-xylariaceous genera (with inconspicuous ascomata and asexual morphs) in the Xylariomycetidae, with special emphasis onXylariaceae, and reviews their taxonomic significance and current systematic relationship.

Xylaria species associated with fallen fruits and seeds

Twenty-five fructicolous and seminicolous species of Xylaria are classified into three groups by stromatal morphology: the X. ianthinovelutina group, resembling X. euphorbiicola but differing from it mainly by having conspicuous perithecial mounds and growing on fallen fruits of a different host plant.

Families of Sordariomycetes

This paper reviews the 107 families of the class Sordariomycetes and provides a modified backbone tree based on phylogenetic analysis of four combined loci, with a maximum five representative taxa from each family, where available.

Taxonomic Rearrangement of Anthostomella (Xylariaceae) Based on a Multigene Phylogeny and Morphology

A re-description of morphological characters among these taxa suggests that Anthostomella can be circumscribed based on immersed ascomata, cylindrical asci with short pedicels and pigmented, equilateral ascospores with germ slits, whileAnthostomelloides is characterized by oblong-ellipsoidal ascospore lacking germ slit.

Diversity of biologically active secondary metabolites from endophytic and saprotrophic fungi of the ascomycete order Xylariales.

The diversity of secondary metabolites in the fungal order Xylariales is reviewed with special emphasis on correlations between chemical diversity and biodiversity as inferred from recent taxonomic and phylogenetic studies.

Towards a natural classification and backbone tree for Graphostromataceae, Hypoxylaceae, Lopadostomataceae and Xylariaceae

This study revised the families Graphostromataceae, Hypoxylaceae, Lopadostomataceae and Xylariaceae in Xylariales, based on DNA sequence data derived from living cultures of fresh isolates, data from GenBank and morphological observation of type and worldwide herbarium specimens.

On the taxonomic identity of a fungal morph used in traditional medicine in Kerala State, India

Molecular phylogenetic methods unequivocally proved that the nilamanga specimen was Xylaria acuminatilongissima, a termite associated species first reported from Taiwan.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 47 REFERENCES

Molecular and morphological evidence for the delimitation of Xylaria hypoxylon

European populations of X. hypoxylon from various hosts exhibited consistent rDNA sequence data and a relatively uniform holomorphic morphology, except for one specimen from Sweden that deviated in its ascospore morphology.

Additional comments on Linnaean types of eastern North American plants

Five temperate eastern North American species proposed by Linnaeus in the 1753 edition of Species Plantarum are typified and significant nomenclatural changes occur in two genera, Lechea and Scutellaria.

Early illustrations of Xylaria species

Four 17th and early 18th Century examples of illustrations of  Xylaria  species are presented and discussion of the authors and books in which the illustrations appear are included.

Three new Xylaria species from southwestern Europe

Three undescribed European species of Xylaria are recognized from new combinations of anamorphic and teleomorphic characters. Their phylogenetic affinities are revealed by a 5.8S/ITS nrDNA analysis.

Linnaean lichen names and their typification

The typification of the 109 names of lichens described by Linnaeus is discussed; 50 lectotypes, 24 epitypes and eight neotypes are newly designated and six Linnaean names which have not been in use for a long time are treated as species non satis notae.

International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants

This book is intended to provide a jumping-off point for future generations of plant taxonomists to assess the phytochemical properties ofruits and vegetables in the context of E.coli.

Addressing the conundrum of unavailable name-bearing types

A pragmatic nine-point approach is presented which may provide some guidance as to what can be done in cases where name-bearing type material cannot be examined because of loans policies and the inability of mycologists to make personal visits.

Taxonomic Literature

The results show that, contrary to common belief, taxonomic contributions do not generally reduce a journal’s citation performance and might even increase it, and taxonomic output could increase even more than at its current growth rate.