The anxiety-buffering function of close relationships: evidence that relationship commitment acts as a terror management mechanism.

  title={The anxiety-buffering function of close relationships: evidence that relationship commitment acts as a terror management mechanism.},
  author={Victor Florian and Mario Mikulincer and Gilad Hirschberger},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  volume={82 4},
Three studies examined the terror management function of romantic commitment. In Study 1 (N = 94), making mortality salient led to higher reports of romantic commitment on the Dimensions of Commitment Inventory (J. M. Adams & W. H. Jones, 1997) than control conditions. In Study 2 (N = 60), the contextual salience of thoughts about romantic commitment reduced the effects of mortality salience on judgments of social transgressions. In Study 3 (N = 100), the induction of thoughts about problems in… 

Tables from this paper

Terror management and close relationships: Evidence that mortality salience reduces commitment among partners with different worldviews

This study examined the effects of partner similarity versus differences from the perspective of terror management theory. Two hundred and sixty-six undergraduate students currently in a romantic

The Role of Close Relationships in Terror Management: A Systematic Review and Research Agenda

  • Nicholas PlusninC. PeppingE. Kashima
  • Psychology, Business
    Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • 2018
A range of dispositional and situational moderating factors influence either the activation or inhibition of relational strivings to manage heightened death awareness, the most influential being attachment, gender, and relationship-contingent self-esteem.

The Existential Function of Close Relationships: Introducing Death Into the Science of Love

Empirical evidence is presented supporting the possibility that close relationships function as a related yet separate mechanism from the self-esteem and cultural worldview defenses.

Till death do us part: Terror management and forgiveness in close relationships

Two experiments extended terror management theory to investigate forgiveness in close relationships. We hypothesized that mortality salience would elicit less forgiveness in less committed

Exploring the Mortality Salience Paradox: The Effects of High-Risk Employment on Interpersonal Decision Making

Past research concerning Terror Management Theory (TMT) has displayed self-esteem bolstering and cultural worldview validation to be the foundation of subconscious defense mechanisms against

Scared to death or scared to love? Terror management theory and close relationships seeking

To cope with paralyzing terror awakened by thoughts of their own death people usually use two defense mechanisms: cultural worldview and self-esteem. Recent studies suggest that also close

Desire to work as a death anxiety buffer mechanism.

Although two different cultures with contrasting work values were examined, the results were consistent, indicating that the desire to work serves as a death anxiety buffer mechanism in both cultures.

How sweet it is to be loved by you: the role of perceived regard in the terror management of close relationships.

The present results suggest that perceptions of regard play an important role in why people pursue close relationships in the face of existential concerns.

A Distant Ally?: Mortality Salience and Parasocial Attachment.

Research in Terror Management Theory finds that close interpersonal relationships (e.g., parents, romantic partners) mitigate threat reactions to reminders of mortality. Parasocial relationships

Terror Management Theory: Interplay between Mortality Salience, Death-Thoughts, and Overall Worldview Defense




Symbolic immortality and the management of the terror of death: the moderating role of attachment style.

Three studies were designed to examine the contribution of R. J. Lifton's (1979) symbolic immortality construct to the management of the terror of death and to investigate whether attachment style may underlie this contribution, and revealed an inverse correlation between self-reports of symbolic immortality and fear of personal death.

Exploring individual differences in reactions to mortality salience: does attachment style regulate terror management mechanisms?

Mortality salience led to an increase in the sense of symbolic immortality as well as in the desire of intimacy only among secure persons, but not among avoidant and anxious-ambivalent persons.

Evidence for terror management theory: I. The effects of mortality salience on reactions to those who violate or uphold cultural values.

It is shown that the mortality salience effect does not result from heightened self-awareness or physiological arousal, and implications for the role of fear of death in social behavior are discussed.

Terror Management and Self-Awareness: Evidence that Mortality Salience Provokes Avoidance of the Self-Focused State

Two studies assessed the terror management hypothesis that when mortality is salient, people will avoid stimuli that increase self-awareness. In Study 1, we measured the length of time that

Evidence for terror management theory II: The effects of mortality salience on reactions to those who threaten or bolster the cultural worldview.

Three experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis, derived from terror management theory, that reminding people of their mortality increases attraction to those who consensually validate their

Fear of death and the judgment of social transgressions: a multidimensional test of terror management theory.

Findings indicate that the effects of mortality salience depend on the aspect of death that is made salient, the aspectof death that individuals most fear, and the type of the judged transgression.

The conceptualization of marital commitment: An integrative analysis.

Although theoretical statements regarding the conceptualization of marital commitment abound in the literature, no research has attempted to compare these conceptualizations empirically. Six studies

Creativity and terror management: Evidence that creative activity increases guilt and social projection following mortality salience

The present research, based on the ideas of O. Rank (1932/1989) and E. Becker (1973), was designed to test the hypotheses that engaging in creative expression after personal mortality has been made