The antioxidant properties of canthaxanthin and its potential effects in the poultry eggs and on embryonic development of the chick. Part 2.

  title={The antioxidant properties of canthaxanthin and its potential effects in the poultry eggs and on embryonic development of the chick. Part 2.},
  author={Peter F Surai},
  journal={World's Poultry Science Journal},
  pages={717 - 726}
  • Peter F Surai
  • Published 1 December 2012
  • Biology
  • World's Poultry Science Journal
Among more than 750 known carotenoids, canthaxanthin (CX) has a special place as a carotenoid with proven antioxidant and other biologically-relevant functions. A great body of evidence indicates that CX possesses high antioxidant activity that was shown in various in vitro model systems as well as in animal experiments in vivo. Antioxidant defences of chicken eggs are based mainly on vitamin E and carotenoids and their concentrations in the egg yolk is dependent on their dietary provision. CX… 

Nutritional modulation of the antioxidant capacities in poultry: the case of selenium.

Analysis of the current data on selenium roles in antioxidant defenses in poultry clearly showed its modulatory effect at the level of breeders, developing embryos, newly hatched chicks, and postnatal chickens, and a search for most effective dietary form of organic Se is a priority in poultry nutrition.


Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and natural antioxidants of maternal diet are key important for the development of chick embryos and viability of chicks in early post-hatch period, and high content of endogenous antioxidants in the egg and embryonic tissues may be a major adaptive mechanism preventing the oxidative stress at hatching.

Nutritional modulation of the antioxidant capacities in poultry: the case of vitamin E.

Evidence related to modulation of the antioxidant capacities in poultry by vitamin E is presented and it was shown that increased vitamin E supplementation in the breeder's or cockerel's diet increased their resistance to various stresses, including high polyunsaturated fatty acids, mycotoxin, or heat stress.

Canthaxanthin: From molecule to function

The aim of this review is to summarize the relevant literature about the use of canthaxanthin in food science and nutrition research and to recommend studies regarding the potential health benefits and immunomodulatory activity of this naturally occurring pigment.

L 22 Natural antioxidants and stresses in poultry production : from vitamins to vitagenes

Commercial poultry production is associated with various stresses leading to decrease of productive and reproductive performance of growing chickens, parent birds as well as commercial layers. In


Studying the effect of dietary supplementation with carotenoids- enriched Spirulina platensis algae, flock age on egg weight loss%,embryonic weight and mortalities %, hatching traits and blood constituent of Bandarah chicks showed that eggs of elder flock significantly lost greater percentage of weight compared to the younger one, while chicks produced from elder flock had higher significant values of cholesterol, LDL and malondialdhide.

Effect of dietary canthaxanthin and iodine on the production performance and egg quality of laying hens

Dietary supplementation with 10 ppm of I was found to impart high level of resistance to the vitelline membrane against the growth of Salmonella in case of eggs stored at 30°C; therefore, I was finding to be more beneficial by ensuring longer preservation than that of CX.

Antioxidant-Prooxidant Balance in the Intestine: Applications in Chick Placement and Pig

A delicate balance between antioxidants and prooxidants in cells is an important determinant of various physiological processes and maintenance of this balance is the main aim of so called an

Effect of Sodium Selenite, Selenium Yeast, and Bacterial Enriched Protein on Chicken Egg Yolk Color, Antioxidant Profiles, and Oxidative Stability

Bacterial selenoproteins from Stenotrophomonas maltophilia was used as a dietary supplement with other Se sources in Lohman brown Classic laying hens to study the egg yolks color, egg yolk and breast antioxidant profile, oxidative stability, and storage effect for fresh and stored egg Yolk at 4 ± 2 °C for 14-days.



Antioxidant properties of vitamins in nutrition of broiler breeders and laying hens

The effect of vitamins (especially vitamin E) in broiler breeder's and laying hens nutrition on oxidative stability of embryonic tissues and table egg yolk lipids, respectively are discussed.

Roles of antioxidants on prolonged storage of avian spermatozoa in vivo and in vitro

Dietary supplementation with vitamin E is effective in limiting lipid peroxidation of sperm plasma membranes, both in chickens and turkeys, and organic Se with or without vitamin E stimulates Se‐GSH‐Px activity in seminal plasma.

Effect of canthaxanthin content of the maternal diet on the antioxidant system of the developing chick

The results support an idea that dietary carotenoids can modulate antioxidant systems of the developing chicken and reduce tissue susceptibility to lipid peroxidation.

Antioxidants in the egg yolk of a wild passerine: differences between breeding seasons.

Canthaxanthin supplementation alters antioxidant enzymes and iron concentration in liver of Balb/c mice.

The hypothesis that canthaxanthin alters the protective ability of tissues against oxidative stress in vivo is supported, as it is shown that carotenoid feeding alters tocopherol status when fed to Balb/c mice.

Embryonic development within carotenoid-enriched eggs influences the post-hatch carotenoid status of the chicken.

Effect of beta-carotene, canthaxanthin, lutein, and vitamin E on neonatal immunity of chicks when supplemented in the broiler breeder diets.

Chicks hatched from hens supplemented with vitamin E had significantly higher antibody titers at 1 and 7 d of age than chicks from the control group, and vitamin E supplementation of breeder birds increased the immune response of their progeny.

Maternal and dietary carotenoids interactively affect cutaneous basophil responses in growing chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus).

Patterns of yolk enrichment with dietary carotenoids in gulls: the roles of pigment acquisition and utilization

The results suggest that yolk enrichment with carotenoids involves physiological discrimination in gulls, highlighting a previously unstudied, potential cost of reproduction.