The antigenic diversity of rotaviruses: Significance to epidemiology and vaccine strategies

@article{Beards2004TheAD,
  title={The antigenic diversity of rotaviruses: Significance to epidemiology and vaccine strategies},
  author={Graham M. Beards and D. W. G. Brown},
  journal={European Journal of Epidemiology},
  year={2004},
  volume={4},
  pages={1-11}
}
Rotaviruses are the major cause of infantile gastroenteritis world-wide. Much antigenic diversity exists amongst them. This has important implications to diagnosis, epidemiology and vaccination strategies. The nature of this diversity is now well understood. This review outlines and discussed our current knowledge of the subject from a historical perspective. 
Techniques Linked to Rotavirus Characterization and Simple Research
Despite Rotavirus (RV) vaccination that initiates a reasonable immunity, RV can still infect and replicate in a host; due to the endless virus evolution. Numerous RV G/P combinations characterized in
VP4 relationships between porcine and other rotavirus serotypes
TLDR
VP4 relationships of Australian porcine rotaviruses were identified using genetic reassortants and MAbs and BMI-1 virus which is antigenically similar to an American virus SB1-A may have arisen similarly by gene reassortment in nature in Australia.
The impact of vaccines and vaccinations: Challenges and opportunities for modelers.
  • R. Curtiss
  • Biology
    Mathematical biosciences and engineering : MBE
  • 2011
This review focuses on how infectious diseases and their prevention and control by development of vaccines and widespread vaccination has shaped evolution of human civilization and of the animals and
Electropherotypes and serotypes of human rotavirus in Estonia in 1989–1992
TLDR
The electropherotypes and serotypes of human rotaviruses circulating in Tallinn (Estonia) in 1989–1992 have been studied and a major shift to serotype G4 took place in 1990–1991.
A perspective on the 2009 A/H1N1 influenza pandemic in Mexico.
In this article, we provide a chronological description of the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic in Mexico from the detection of severe respiratory disease among young adults in central Mexico and the
MODELING MALARIA AND ROTAVIRUS CO-INFECTION
TLDR
It has been observed that if maximum protection is given against co-infection, then global stability may be achieved and this model may undergo a forward bifurcation.
Generation of a set of SA11 expression plasmids for the development of a T7-RNA polymerase-dependent rotavirus reverse genetic system
TLDR
Using nanofiltration membranes for the recovery of phosphorous with a second type of technology for the removal of nitrogen is suggest to be a viable process.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 118 REFERENCES
Isolation and serotyping of animal rotaviruses and antigenic comparison with human rotaviruses
TLDR
Rotaviruses were isolated from Australian farm animals with diarrhoea and reciprocal cross neutralisation studies showed antigenic similarities with overseas animal strains and with human strains including a newly defined fifth human serotype.
Cocirculation of different rotavirus strains in a local outbreak of infantile gastroenteritis: Monitoring by rapid and sensitive nucleic acid analysis
Rotaviruses isolated from 22 patients during a local outbreak of infantile gastroenteritis in October/November 1981 were genotyped by establishing their RNA migration patterns on polyacrylamide gels.
A human atypical rotavirus found in an Ecuador infant with diarrhea.
One strain of atypical rotavirus, morphologically indistinguishable from known rotaviruses but lacking the common group antigen of typical rotavirus detectable by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
Clinical features of acute infantile gastroenteritis associated with human rotavirus subgroups I and II
TLDR
Clinical and epidemiological features of rotavirus gastroenteritis in black infants were investigated, and Fever and temperatures exceeding 39 degrees C were more frequent in children shedding subgroup II rotaviruses, whereas vomiting was more pronounced in children with subgroup I infection.
Detection of a Rotavirus-Like Agent Associated with Diarrhea in an Infant
TLDR
A rotavirus-like agent was detected in the feces of a child with diarrhea, and electrophoresis of its nucleic acid showed that it was dissimilar.
A candidate for a new serotype of human rotavirus
TLDR
A human rotavirus isolate from Indonesia which had a "super short" RNA electrophoretic pattern was found by RNA-RNA hybridization to have a low degree of homology with the representative strains of all four human serotypes and might belong to a new serotype.
Molecular epidemiology of human rotavirus infections
  • R. Sanders
  • Medicine, Biology
    European Journal of Epidemiology
  • 2004
TLDR
Because of their ease and specificity the new hybridization analysis techniques should greatly facilitate both the rapid diagnosis of rotavirus infections, and the solution of many epidemiological and evolutionary questions.
Group C rotaviruses in humans
TLDR
It is concluded that the atypical human viruses obtained from human feces are the first examples of group C rotaviruses in humans.
Waterborne outbreak of rotavirus diarrhoea in adults in China caused by a novel rotavirus.
...
...