The anthropic principle and its implications for biological evolution

@article{Carter1983TheAP,
  title={The anthropic principle and its implications for biological evolution},
  author={Brandon D. Carter},
  journal={Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences},
  year={1983},
  volume={310},
  pages={347 - 363}
}
  • B. Carter
  • Published 20 December 1983
  • Physics
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences
In the form in which it was originally expounded, the anthropic principle was presented as a warning to astrophysical and cosmological theorists of the risk of error in the interpretation of astronomical and cosmological information unless due account is taken of the biological restraints under which the information was acquired. However, the converse message is also valid: biological theorists also run the risk of error in the interpretation of the evolutionary record unless they take due heed… 
DOES THE ANTHROPIC PRINCIPLE LIVE UP TO SCIENTIFIC STANDARDS
Since its conception, the Anthropic Principle (AP) has been controversial. For some of its advocates, it replaces the Cosmological Principle and also marks a revolution in the accepted modes of
The Anthropic Principle Is Testable And Appears Weak
The Anthropic Principle has been with us since the 1970s. This Principle is advanced to account for the “fine tuning” of the 25 constants of the Standard Model of Particle Physics. Were these
Too early? on the apparent conflict of astrobiology and cosmology
TLDR
This work presents an evolutionary argument countering the apparent inconsistency, and shows how, in the framework of a simplified model, deeper picture of the coupling between histories of intelligent/technological civilizations and astrophysical evolution of the Galaxy, can be achieved.
Objective and Subjective Time in Anthropic Reasoning
The original formulation of the (weak) anthropic principle was prompted by a question about objective time at a macroscopic level, namely the age of the universe when ``anthropic'' observers such as
Anthropic arguments outside of cosmology and string theory
Anthropic reasoning has lately been strongly associated with the string theory landscape and some theories of particle cosmology, such as cosmological inflation. The association is not, contrary to
Are anthropic arguments, involving multiverses and beyond, legitimate?
Though there has been much discussion of the Anthropic Principle (AP) over the last 35 years or so, it is still a very tantalizing and controversial subject, on the boundary between scientific
Galactic punctuated equilibrium: how to undermine Carter's anthropic argument in astrobiology.
TLDR
It is concluded that drawing far-reaching conclusions about the scarcity of extraterrestrial intelligence and the prospects of the efforts to detect it on the basis of Carter's argument is unwarranted.
Observational selection effects and probability
This thesis develops a theory of how to reason when our evidence has been subjected to observational selection effects. It has applications in cosmology, evolutionary biology, thermodynamics and the
The search for life in the universe
The existence of life places strong constraints on the cosmological initial conditions and the laws of physics. Cosmologists have long been intrigued by the "unreasonable" bio-friendliness of the
Book Reviews-Anthropic Bias: Observation Selection Effects in Science and Philosophy
The centuries-old question why the universe is just so? has only recently begun to be discussed in serious quantitative manner. Above all, this is due to the vast accumulation of physical and
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 13 REFERENCES
The Anthropic Principle
In astrophysics and cosmology, the anthropic principle (from the Greek, anthropos, human) is the philosophical consideration that observations of the physical Universe must be compatible with the
Large Number Coincidences and the Anthropic Principle in Cosmology
Prof. Wheeler has asked me to say something for the record about some ideas that I once suggested (at the Clifford Memorial meeting in Princeton in 1970) and to which Hawking and Collins have
Punctuated equilibria; the tempo and mode of evolution reconsidered
TLDR
It is argued that virtually none of the examples brought forward to refute the model of punctuated equilibria can stand as support for phyletic gradualism; many are so weak and ambiguous that they only reflect the persistent bias for gradualism still deeply embedded in paleontological thought.
Confrontation of cosmological theories with observational data : symposium no. 63 (Copernicus Symposium II) held in Cracow, Poland, 10-12 September, 1973
I / The Contemporary Structure and Dynamics of the Universe.- Observational Foundations for Assumptions in Cosmology.- Intergalactic Gas.- Confrontation of Lemaitre Models and the Cosmological
Model of effectively neutral mutations in which selective constraint is incorporated.
  • M. Kimura
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1979
Based on the idea that selective neutrality is the limit when the selective disadvantage becomes indefinitely small, a model of neutral (and nearly neutral) mutations is proposed that assumes that
Understanding the Fundamental Constants
In order to avoid confusion I wish to make clear at the outset that in this discussion the term “fundamental constants” is not intended to refer to what would be better described as “standard
Dependence of macrophysical phenomena on the values of the fundamental constants
  • W. Press, A. Lightman
  • Physics, Geology
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences
  • 1983
Using simple arguments, we consider how the fundamental constants determine the scales of various macroscopic phenomena, including the properties of solid matter; the distinction between rocks,
...
...