The anatomy of the parotoid gland in Bufonidae with some histochemical findings II. Bufo alvarius

@article{Cannon1976TheAO,
  title={The anatomy of the parotoid gland in Bufonidae with some histochemical findings II. Bufo alvarius},
  author={Marvin S. Cannon and Jeptha R. Hostetler},
  journal={Journal of Morphology},
  year={1976},
  volume={148}
}
The gross and microscopic anatomy of the venom producing parotoid glands of Bufo alvarius has been studied by light and electron microscopy. Histochemical reactions for the presence of venom constituents and of components in biochemical pathways in the synthesis and release of venom were performed. The gland is composed of numerous lobules. Each lobule is an individual unit with a lumen surrounded by a double cell layer. Microvilli of the outer layer interdigitate with microvilli of the inner… 
Morphological re-evaluation of the parotoid glands of Bufo ictericus (Amphibia, Anura, Bufonidae)
TLDR
A re-evaluation of the morphology of the parotoid glands of Bufo ictericus is provided, which shows rounded depressions with small pores that connect with the duct openings of the larger granular glands.
Granular cutaneous glands in the frog Physalaemus biligonigerus (Anura, Leptodactylidae): comparison between ordinary serous and 'inguinal' glands.
TLDR
The skin of the leptodactylid frog Physalaemus biligonigerus possesses peculiar clusters of large granular units, the 'inguinal' glands, which represent a gland population specialized in the storage of remarkable amounts of product used in chemical defence of the skin.
Vasculature of the parotoid glands of four species of toads (bufonidae: bufo)
TLDR
The parotoid glands of toads (Bufonidae) consist of large aggregations of granular glands located between the otic region of the skull and the scapular region and the vascular patterns of these glands were compared to the arrangement of vessels in the dorsal skin of Rana sphenocephala (Ranidae), a frog that lacks parotoids.
Development of integument and cutaneous glands in larval, juvenile and adult toads (Rhinella granulosa): a morphological and morphometric study
TLDR
The morphological changes observed in the integument of tadpoles are associated with the gradual adaptation to terrestrial environments by preparing the individual for future chemical defence against predators and micro-organisms.
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