The albedo of Earth

  title={The albedo of Earth},
  author={Graeme L. Stephens and Denis M. O'Brien and Peter J. Webster and Peter Pilewski and Seiji Kato and Jui-Lin F. Li},
  journal={Reviews of Geophysics},
The fraction of the incoming solar energy scattered by Earth back to space is referred to as the planetary albedo. This reflected energy is a fundamental component of the Earth's energy balance, and the processes that govern its magnitude, distribution, and variability shape Earth's climate and climate change. We review our understanding of Earth's albedo as it has progressed to the current time and provide a global perspective of our understanding of the processes that define it. Joint… Expand
Earth's albedo and its symmetry
The planetary albedo  , an intrinsic property of a planet, measures the fraction of incident radiant energy (or insolation) that it reflects back to space. Its complement, the co-albedo   (1 )Expand
Measuring the Earth’s albedo with simple instruments
The Earth’s albedo, as the fraction of sunlight that is directly reflected back into space from the surface or clouds, is a key factor in modeling Earth’s climate. In tasks such as the simplifiedExpand
Earth's albedo variations 1998–2014 as measured from ground‐based earthshine observations
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The energy balance and climate of planets can be affected by the reflective properties of their land, ocean, and frozen surfaces. Here we investigate the effect of host star spectral energyExpand
5.01 – Volume 5 Overview: Recent progress in Remote Sensing of Earth’s Energy Budget
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Interhemispheric Variability of Earth’s Radiation
AbstractThe variability of interhemispheric symmetry of Earth’s energy serves as an independent indicator of climate change. The analysis of updated data obtained from satellite measurements at theExpand
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Observation of the Earth's radiation budget from space
Abstract The planet's radiation budget includes practically all energy exchange between the Sun, the Earth, and space, and so is a fundamental factor of climate. The terms of this budget, observableExpand
An update on Earth's energy balance in light of the latest global observations
Climate change is governed by changes to the global energy balance. A synthesis of the latest observations suggests that more longwave radiation is received at the Earth's surface than previouslyExpand
Planetary Radiation Budgets
The energy state of a planet depends fundamentally on its radiation budget. Measurements made from space over past decades have led to significant revisions of ground-based estimates, both of theExpand
Toward Optimal Closure of the Earth's Top-of-Atmosphere Radiation Budget
Abstract Despite recent improvements in satellite instrument calibration and the algorithms used to determine reflected solar (SW) and emitted thermal (LW) top-of-atmosphere (TOA) radiative fluxes, aExpand
Constraints on dynamical transports of energy on a spherical planet
Abstract The factors which control the total flux of energy across a latitude belt in the atmosphere—ocean system are determined by comparing the flux resulting from various approximations with theExpand
Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES): algorithm overview
These algorithms are a prototype for the system that will produce the scientific data required for studying the role of clouds and radiation in the Earth's climate system, and are fundamental to the ability to understand, detect, and predict global climate change. Expand
Abstract The increased knowledge of atmospheric radiation during the last twenty years has made it desirable to re-compute the heat balance of the northern hemisphere. Insofar as possible theExpand
The use of surface observations to estimate the local energy balance of the atmosphere
  • G. D. Robinson
  • Geography
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A. Mathematical and Physical Sciences
  • 1956
An estimate is made, based mainly on surface measurements, of the net radiation entering or leaving the system atmosphere plus surface layer of earth at Kew during the whole period May 1953 to AprilExpand
The Albedo of the Ground and Atmosphere
Measurements of the upward and downward components of solar radiation were measured from a B-29 airplane on March 22, 1947. From these the albedo of the ground has been calculated. In the center ofExpand
Earth radiation budgets
This paper presents the annual and seasonal averaged earth atmosphere radiation budgets derived from the most complete set of satellite observations available in late 1979. The budgets are derivedExpand