The accuracy of surrogate decision makers: a systematic review.

  title={The accuracy of surrogate decision makers: a systematic review.},
  author={David I Shalowitz and Elizabeth Garrett-Mayer and David S. Wendler},
  journal={Archives of internal medicine},
  volume={166 5},
BACKGROUND Clinicians currently rely on patient-designated and next-of-kin surrogates to make end-of-life treatment decisions for incapacitated patients. Surrogates are instructed to use the substituted judgment standard, which directs them to make the treatment decision that the patient would have made if he or she were capacitated. However, commentators have questioned the accuracy with which surrogates predict patients' treatment preferences. METHODS A systematic literature search was… CONTINUE READING

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