The accuracy of clinical kyphosis examination for detection of thoracic vertebral fractures: comparison of direct and indirect kyphosis measures.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To compare the accuracies of two simple physical examination maneuvers for detecting the presence of thoracic vertebral fractures (VF) diagnosed by radiography: direct measurement of kyphosis angle (KA, in degrees) and indirect measurement using wall-occiput distance (WOD, in cm). METHODS Subjects were 280 women (average age, 54.5 years; range… (More)

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