The academic achievement of African American students during early adolescence: an examination of multiple risk, promotive, and protective factors.

@article{Gutman2002TheAA,
  title={The academic achievement of African American students during early adolescence: an examination of multiple risk, promotive, and protective factors.},
  author={Leslie Morrison Gutman and Arnold J. Sameroff and Jacquelynne S. Eccles},
  journal={American journal of community psychology},
  year={2002},
  volume={30 3},
  pages={367-99}
}
This study examined the effects of multiple risk, promotive, and protective factors on three achievement-related measures (i.e., grade point average, number of absences, and math achievement test scores) for African American 7th-grade students (n = 837). There were 3 main findings. First, adolescents had lower grade point averages, more absences, and lower… CONTINUE READING