The Y chromosome pool of Jews as part of the genetic landscape of the Middle East.

@article{Nebel2001TheYC,
  title={The Y chromosome pool of Jews as part of the genetic landscape of the Middle East.},
  author={Almut Nebel and Dvora Filon and Bernd Brinkmann and Partha P. Majumder and Marina Faerman and Ariella Oppenheim},
  journal={American journal of human genetics},
  year={2001},
  volume={69 5},
  pages={
          1095-112
        }
}
A sample of 526 Y chromosomes representing six Middle Eastern populations (Ashkenazi, Sephardic, and Kurdish Jews from Israel; Muslim Kurds; Muslim Arabs from Israel and the Palestinian Authority Area; and Bedouin from the Negev) was analyzed for 13 binary polymorphisms and six microsatellite loci. The investigation of the genetic relationship among three Jewish communities revealed that Kurdish and Sephardic Jews were indistinguishable from one another, whereas both differed slightly, yet… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Contrasting patterns of Y chromosome variation in Ashkenazi Jewish and host non-Jewish European populations
TLDR
It is striking that whereas Ashkenazi populations are genetically more diverse at both the SNP and STR level compared with their European non-Jewish counterparts, they have greatly reduced within-haplogroup STR variability, especially in those founder haplogroups that migrated from the Near East.
Genetics and the History of the Samaritans: Y-Chromosomal Microsatellites and Genetic Affinity between Samaritans and Cohanim
TLDR
Estimation of genetic distances between the Samaritan populations and seven Jewish and three non-Jewish populations from Israel, as well as populations from Africa, Pakistan, Turkey, and Europe, revealed that the Samaritans were closely related to Cohanim.
MtDNA and Y‐chromosome Variation in Kurdish Groups
TLDR
The genetic data indicate that the Georgian Kurdish group experienced a bottleneck effect during their migration to the Caucasus, and that they have not had detectable admixture with their geographic neighbours in Georgia.
Y-chromosome lineages in Cabo Verde Islands witness the diverse geographic origin of its first male settlers
TLDR
Results indicate that gene flow from multiple sources and various sex-specific patterns have been important in the formation of the genomic diversity in the Cabo Verde islands.
Y-chromosome lineages in Cabo Verde Islands witness the diverse geographic origin of its first male settlers
TLDR
Results indicate that gene flow from multiple sources and various sex-specific patterns have been important in the formation of the genomic diversity in the Cabo Verde islands.
Phylogeographic analysis of paternal lineages in NE Portuguese Jewish communities.
TLDR
The genetic composition of the Portuguese Jewish communities from Trás-os-Montes is examined, with a high-resolution Y-chromosome typing strategy, to clarify how these communities avoided the expected inbreeding caused by over four centuries of religious repression.
Gene Pool Structure of Eastern Ukrainians as Inferred from the Y-Chromosome Haplogroups
TLDR
The data on the composition and frequencies of Y-chromosome haplogroups in the sample studied substantially supplement the existing picture of the male lineage distribution in the Eastern Slav population.
Extended Y chromosome haplotypes resolve multiple and unique lineages of the Jewish priesthood
TLDR
The hypothesis of a common origin of the CMH in the Near East well before the dispersion of the Jewish people into separate communities is supported and indicates that the majority of contemporary Jewish priests descend from a limited number of paternal lineages.
Genomic microsatellites identify shared Jewish ancestry intermediate between Middle Eastern and European populations
TLDR
The view that the Jewish populations largely share a common Middle Eastern ancestry and that over their history they have undergone varying degrees of admixture with non-Jewish populations of European descent is supported.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 49 REFERENCES
Jewish and Middle Eastern non-Jewish populations share a common pool of Y-chromosome biallelic haplotypes.
TLDR
The hypothesis that the paternal gene pools of Jewish communities from Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East descended from a common Middle Eastern ancestral population is supported, and most Jewish communities have remained relatively isolated from neighboring non-Jewish communities during and after the Diaspora is suggested.
The common, Near‐Eastern origin of Ashkenazi and Sephardi Jews supported by Y‐chromosome similarity
TLDR
A preliminary evaluation suggests that the contribution of foreign males to the Ashkenazi gene pool has been very low (1% or less per generation).
Y chromosomes traveling south: the cohen modal haplotype and the origins of the Lemba--the "Black Jews of Southern Africa".
TLDR
The high resolution afforded by the markers shows that Lemba Y chromosomes are clearly divided into Semitic and Bantu clades, and one of the Lemba clans carries a particular Y-chromosome type termed the "Cohen modal haplotype," which is thought to be a potential signature haplotype of Judaic origin.
Independent histories of human Y chromosomes from Melanesia and Australia.
TLDR
The Y-chromosome data indicate independent histories for Australians andMelanesians, a finding that is in agreement with evidence from mtDNA but that contradicts some analyses of autosomal loci, which show a close relationship between Australian and Melanesian populations.
Georgian and kurd mtDNA sequence analysis shows a lack of correlation between languages and female genetic lineages.
TLDR
The outlier position of the populations from the Caucasus according to classical genetic markers is not recognized in the present Georgian mtDNA sequence pool, which suggests that the differentiation of mtDNA sequences in West Eurasia and the outlier features of Caucasian populations should be attributed to different processes.
European Y-chromosomal lineages in Polynesians: a contrast to the population structure revealed by mtDNA.
TLDR
This is the first Y-chromosomal evidence of major European admixture with indigenous Polynesian populations and contrasts sharply with the picture given by mtDNA evidence.
Genetic affinities of Jewish populations.
TLDR
The results of this study indicate that stochastic factors are likely to have played a role in masking the descent relationships of the J populations, and there is evidence of genetic similarity between J and corresponding NJ populations, suggesting reciprocal gene flow between these populations or convergent selection in a common environment.
Estimating Scandinavian and Gaelic ancestry in the male settlers of Iceland.
TLDR
Results based on a study of Y-chromosome diallelic and microsatellite variation in 181 Icelanders, 233 Scandinavians, and 283 Gaels from Ireland and Scotland indicate closer matrilineal links with populations of the British Isles, which supports the model, put forward by some historians, that the majority of females in the Icelandic founding population had Gaelic ancestry.
Dual origins of Finns revealed by Y chromosome haplotype variation.
TLDR
Genetic evidence for the dual origins of Finns is presented by evaluating the pattern of Y chromosome variation in 280 unrelated males from nine Finnish provinces and revealing two major star-shaped clusters of Y haplotypes, indicative of a population expansion from two common Y chromosomes.
Y-chromosomal diversity in Europe is clinal and influenced primarily by geography, rather than by language.
TLDR
These patterns retain a strong signal of expansion from the Near East but also suggest that the demographic history of Europe has been complex and influenced by other major population movements, as well as by linguistic and geographic heterogeneities and the effects of drift.
...
...