The World of Emotions is not Two-Dimensional

  title={The World of Emotions is not Two-Dimensional},
  author={J. Fontaine and K. Scherer and E. Roesch and P. Ellsworth},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  pages={1050 - 1057}
For more than half a century, emotion researchers have attempted to establish the dimensional space that most economically accounts for similarities and differences in emotional experience. Today, many researchers focus exclusively on two-dimensional models involving valence and arousal. Adopting a theoretically based approach, we show for three languages that four dimensions are needed to satisfactorily represent similarities and differences in the meaning of emotion words. In order of… Expand

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