The World Health Organization's definition of health: Social versus spiritual health

  title={The World Health Organization's definition of health: Social versus spiritual health},
  author={James S. Larson},
  journal={Social Indicators Research},
  • J. Larson
  • Published 1 June 1996
  • Medicine
  • Social Indicators Research
The World Health Organization formulated its definition of health following World War II, during a period when the social health of societies was in question. Since that definition in 1946, social scientists have dutifully followed its precepts and attempted to operationalize its concepts, including social well-being. But, American social scientists have found that psychosocial well-being may be a more accurate formulation of mental and social well-being, and they have questioned the… 
Letter to Editor: A Comprehensive Definition of Spiritual Health
pirituality is recognized globally as an important aspect to respond to many questions associated with health and happiness. The World Health Organization is also interested in pursuing the physical,
Concerns About Measuring “Spirituality” in Research
  • H. Koenig
  • Philosophy
    The Journal of nervous and mental disease
  • 2008
Either spirituality should be defined and measured in traditional terms as a unique, uncontaminated construct, or it should be eliminated from use in academic research.
Racist Experiences and Health Outcomes: An Examination of Spirituality as a Buffer
The purpose of this study was to extend the research body, which implicates the insidious effects of racism on health outcomes. Specifically, this study tested the assumption that perception of
The Definition of Health: Towards New Perspectives
  • F. Leonardi
  • Medicine, Political Science
    International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation
  • 2018
A new definition has been developed for pursuing health, especially in the fields of chronic patients and older people, and it should be noted that not all potential definitions of health are fit to pursue clinical scientific goals.
Conceptualizing Spirituality and Religiousness
Research on spirituality, religion and health has been growing considerably when analyzing the last 20 years. Much of this research concerns to patients’ opinions and desires on medical treatment,
Comprehensive well-being scale: development and validation among Chinese in recovery of mental illness in Hong Kong
The CWBS established concurrent and construct validity in assessing well-being among Chinese in recovery of mental illness in Hong Kong and provided theoretical and practical implications for measuringWell-being.
Understanding Psychosocial Wellbeing in the Context of Complex and Multidimensional Problems
  • F. Eiroa-Orosa
  • Psychology
    International journal of environmental research and public health
  • 2020
This Special Issue deals with the topic of how people and social groups face problems in an increasingly complex and globalized society, and prioritized works aiming at disciplinary and methodological integration.
A Defence of a Holistic Concept of Health
In this paper I argue for the need of a positive, value-oriented, concept of health. I call it a holistic concept in that it involves looking upon health as having to do with the person as a whole.
Spirituality in medical education: a concept analysis
The defining attributes of spirituality in medical education can assist physicians, instructors, and professors to develop and implement evidence-based, health based and comprehensive education plans according to the guidelines of professional ethics and qualification of using spirituality in practice.
The Strength to Cope: Spirituality and Faith in Chronic Disease
This work explores how people with type 2 diabetes and/or cardiovascular disease incorporate spirituality into their self-management routines, with positive impact on their health and wellbeing, and highlights the role of spiritual practices in supporting people with chronic conditions mentally, physically and socially.


Spiritual and religious beliefs in acute illness--is this a feasible area for study?
Religious Involvement and the Health of the Elderly: Some Hypotheses and an Initial Test
The study examines patterns of religious involvement, health status, functional disability, and depression among noninstitutionalized elderly residents of New Haven, Connecticut, in 1982. Controlling
A new international health order. An inquiry into the international relations of world health and medical care
A 'New International Health Order' (NIHO) is a new notion. In order to value the function of a NIHO, the present international health order and the socioeconomic order between the rich and poor
Religious involvement and subjective well-being.
  • C. Ellison
  • Psychology
    Journal of health and social behavior
  • 1991
There are persistent denominational variations in life satisfaction, but not in happiness: nondenominational Protestants, liberal Protestants, and members of nontraditional groups such as Mormons and Jehovah's Witnesses report greater life satisfaction than do their unaffiliated counterparts, even with the effects of other dimensions of religiosity held constant.
Choosing measures of health status for individuals in general populations.
This paper offers suggestions to adi the selection of appropriate instruments and data gathering methods for studies that require measures of personal health status applicable in general populations.
Measuring health as component of living standards
  • T. Ho
  • Medicine, Political Science
  • 1982
Discussing measures of health status for use in a survey whose objective is to measure and compare levels of living among different population groups will suggest means by which such relationships can be analyzed and interpreted for the eventual determination of policies to improve health status and related components of living standards.
A general health policy model: update and applications.
It is concluded that many of the advantages of general measures have been overlooked and should be given serious consideration in future studies.
Textbook of international health
This chapter discusses the development of international health since 1900, and the role of data, information and technology in that development.
The field of marriage and family therapy is evolving toward theoretical and practical models with an ecosystemic focus which encourage an awareness of different levels of system interaction yet