The World's Oldest Surviving Geological Map: The 1150 B.C. Turin Papyrus from Egypt

@article{Harrell1992TheWO,
  title={The World's Oldest Surviving Geological Map: The 1150 B.C. Turin Papyrus from Egypt},
  author={James A. Harrell and Vernon Max Brown},
  journal={The Journal of Geology},
  year={1992},
  volume={100},
  pages={3 - 18}
}
A papyrus map discovered around 1820 and now in the Egyptian Museum in Turin, Italy, illustrates the topography and geology of Wadi Hammamat in the mountains of the central Eastern Desert of Egypt. It accurately depicts the areal distribution of sedimentary and igneous/metamorphic rocks, which are shown as black and pink hills, respectively. The ancient map also shows the gold-working settlement at Bir Umm Fawakhir, the gold-bearing quartz veins on the adjacent mountain, the famous "bekhen… Expand
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