The Work of Feminists is Not Yet Done: The Gender Pay Gap—a Stubborn Anachronism

  title={The Work of Feminists is Not Yet Done: The Gender Pay Gap—a Stubborn Anachronism},
  author={Phyllis Tharenou},
  journal={Sex Roles},
Lips (2012) critiques the literature, predominantly from the United States, to assess how well human capital theory explains the gender pay gap. Her analysis shows that human capital inputs are an imperfect explanation for the gap and that social psychological influences also provide key explanations. I comment on Lips’s paper using literature from the United States and other English-speaking highly developed countries and, to a lesser extent, from European countries. I elaborate and extend her… Expand
Persistent Inequalities: The Distribution of Money, Time and Care
Inequality and the redistributive impact of public policies have been central themes in Frank Stilwell’s research and in his time as a public intellectual. This chapter examines inequality inExpand
Bridging the Gender Wage Gap: Gendered Cultural Sentiments, Sex Segregation, and Occupation-Level Wages.
The extent to which cultural beliefs about gender shape occupation-level wages remains a central yet unresolved question in the study of gender inequality. Human capital theorists predict thatExpand
Acknowledging Discrimination as a Key to the Gender Pay Gap
I comment again on issues raised in my initial paper in this issue (Lips 2012, this issue) and respond to commentaries by Huffman (2012, this issue), Olson (2012), Stockdale and Nadler (2012) andExpand
Low Awareness of Occupational Segregation and the Gender Pay Gap: No Changes Over a 16-year Span
Three studies conducted in three different decades (1996, 2007, and 2012) investigated awareness of occupational segregation and the gender pay gap. Participants’ estimates of the percentage ofExpand
Block Her Entry, Keep Her Down and Push Her Out
This study examines why female journalists in an Arab country continue to be marginalized. It hypothesized that a set of interrelated factors, pertaining to gender discrimination, sexual harassment,Expand
Israeli Women—Changes and Their Consequences
Structural, macrolevel factors (e.g., education level, the degree of sex-segregation in the labor market, availability of child-care facilities, tax exemptions for working mothers or dual-workerExpand
Gender composition and share of management: Tipping points in US workplaces, 1980–2005
Abstract This paper examines how concepts of gendered organizations, tokenism and the glass escalator affect women’s share of management. Specifically, we examine how the gender composition ofExpand
Pay Equity in Government: Analyzing Determinants of Gender Pay Disparity in the U.S. Federal Government
In this study, I investigate the factors contributing to gender-based pay disparity in the federal government. The data from a Merit Principles Survey and from central personnel files are analyzed byExpand
The gender pay gap in Malta
Malta stands out as one of the countries in the European Union with the lowest percentage of women working. This is as a result of the long-standing role women have tended to occupy in society,Expand
Sex counts: An examination of sexual service advertisements in a UK online directory.
This study challenges prevailing heteronormative assumptions about commercial sex, which erase LGBTQ sex workers and other non-normative identities and practices, and which it is argued have important political, practical, and theoretical consequences. Expand


The Gender Pay Gap: Challenging the Rationalizations. Perceived Equity, Discrimination, and the Limits of Human Capital Models
A gender gap in earnings has proven both persistent and universal. This paper relies mainly on U.S. data, but a gap between women’s and men’s earnings exists in every country. There is a continuingExpand
Gender Role Attitudes and the Labour-market Outcomes of Women across OECD Countries
This paper uses data from the World Value Surveys (1990, 1995,1999) to investigate the impact of gender role attitudes and work values on women's labour-market outcomes across 25 OECD countries.Expand
Gender pay gap and its perceptions
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to broaden the domain of the gender pay gap research by exploring individuals' perceptions of it. Examining the factors that have an impact on the wayExpand
The gender pay gap revisited: Insights from a developing country context
Purpose – While the gender pay gap has received considerable attention, the evidence from developing countries remains scant. The purpose of this paper is to examine the salience of a gender pay gapExpand
Female finances: Gender Wage Gaps and Gender Assets Gaps:
The size and source of the gender wage gap in Britain has been well researched. Women's typically lower status employment and their reduced, discontinuous career profiles when they have caringExpand
Perceptions of Fair Pay and the Gender Wage Gap
The present research examined the extent to which the wage gap between men and women is perceived as “fair”. Based on research on distributive justice behavior, it was hypothesized thatExpand
Women and Men in Conflicting Social Roles: Implications from Social Psychological Research
Despite legislation for gender equality in many nations, gender discrimination continues to be a problem. Psychological research from social role theory, the stereotype content model, and ambivalentExpand
Backlash effects for disconfirming gender stereotypes in organizations
Abstract Backlash effects are defined as social and economic reprisals for behaving counterstereotypically (Rudman, L. A. (1998). Self-promotion as a risk factor for women: The costs and benefits ofExpand
Legislation and Labour Market Gender Inequality: An Analysis of OECD Countries
This paper presents the results of statistical analysis of workplace gender equality in OECD countries, including a time series regression analysis from 1974 to 1986. Two models of approaches toExpand
Gender differences in advancing to the top
Recently, there has been much empirical interest in why women are so poorly represented in executive ranks in organizations. This review summarizes the findings from recent empirical studies into theExpand