The Wisdom Development Scale: Translating the Conceptual to the Concrete

  title={The Wisdom Development Scale: Translating the Conceptual to the Concrete},
  author={Scott C. Brown and Jeffrey A Greene},
  journal={Journal of College Student Development},
  pages={1 - 19}
In a previous study, a conceptual model of wisdom was created (Brown, 2004a) to better understand integrated learning outcomes. The purpose of this study is to develop a scale to measure this wisdom construct. This article discusses salient aspects of the extant professional literature regarding the measurement of wisdom and details the efforts to develop a valid and reliable Wisdom Development Scale (WDS) through exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Six of the seven factors were… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Wisdom Development Scale: Further Validity Investigations

This study looks at Brown's Model of Wisdom Development and its associated measure, the Wisdom Development Scale (WDS), and found support for construct validity and reliability with these samples, along with measurement invariance and criterion validity evidence was found.

A Qualitative Inquiry of Wisdom Development: Educators' Perspectives

The process of wisdom development involves facilitative conditions, inner assimilation and adjustment, transformations of actual actions, and feedback from the results of actions.

Development and validation of a brief self-assessed wisdom scale

The results indicated that the BSAWS possesses good psychometric properties and is comparable with the full version of the original SAWS, which may help researchers and practitioners conduct epistemological surveys or clinical research related to wisdom.

Development and validation of a brief self-assessed wisdom scale

The results indicated that the BSAWS possesses good psychometric properties and is comparable with the full version of the SAWS, which may help researchers and practitioners conduct epistemological surveys or clinical research related to wisdom.

Development and Evaluation of the Psychometric Properties of a Brief Wisdom Development Scale

The results suggest that the BWDS comprising 18 items with a six-factor structure is comparable with its full version and possesses good psychometric properties in internal consistency, concurrent validity, and factorial validity.

How to measure wisdom: content, reliability, and validity of five measures

This study compares four well-established measures of wisdom with respect to content, reliability, factorial structure, and construct validity (relationships to wisdom nomination, interview-based wisdom ratings, and correlates of wisdom) and recommends the most suitable measure for researchers to select for their substantive interests.

Wisdom in the Counseling Relationship

The counselor’s wisdom, expressed through the self-of- the-counselor, will potentially transform the counseling relationship.  The purpose of this phenomenological pilot study was to define wisdom

Measuring Wisdom: Existing Approaches, Continuing Challenges, and New Developments

  • J. Glück
  • Psychology
    The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences
  • 2018
Promising new developments are outlined that may bridge the gap between wisdom as a competence and wisdom as an attitude and increase ecological validity by being more similar to real-life manifestations of wisdom.

Defining and assessing wisdom: a review of the literature.

  • K. BangenThomas W. MeeksD. Jeste
  • Psychology
    The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry
  • 2013

Wisdom: Structure, Category, Measurement and Relationships to Related Variables

: Wisdom is a comprehensive psychological quality which integrates intelligence with morality; it is acquired by the individuals through experience and practice on the basis of their intelligence and



An Exploratory Analysis of a Self-Assessed Wisdom Scale

Three studies investigated the psychometric properties of the newly developed self-assessed wisdom scale (SAWS). Study 1 investigated the reliability of a 30-item questionnaire assessing 5

Empirical Assessment of a Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale

Although wisdom is thought to be a strong predictor for many attributes of aging well, the concept of wisdom still lacks a comprehensive, directly testable scale. Quantitative and qualitative

Gender and the Development of Wisdom.

Recent psychological research into the realms and processes of growing wiser can be linked to gender theory and research documenting variation in human development. Drawing on an integrative model of


Contexualistic and integrative approaches to the concept of wisdom are discussed. The evolution of the concept of wisdom from an independent construct of intelligence to a component of intelligence

Facets of Wisdom: A Theoretical Synthesis

  • Maria A. Taranto
  • Psychology
    International journal of aging & human development
  • 1989
This article compares and synthesizes the various studies and concludes that they can be unified theoretically if the authors view wisdom as the recognition of and response to human limitation.

A Model for Wisdom Development-- and Its Place in Career Services.

Instinct, anecdote, experience, and research all confirm one thing: A college education is more than just course work. Although this is an obvious notion to many people in general and career

What predicts wisdom‐related performance? A first look at personality, intelligence, and facilitative experiential contexts

Wisdom has long been suggested as a desired goal of development (see e.g. Clayton and Birren, 1980; Erikson, 1959; Hall, 1922; Staudinger and Baltes, 1994). Questions concerning the empirical

A Balance Theory of Wisdom

The author presents a balance theory of wisdom. First, some alternative approaches to wisdom are reviewed, including philosophical, implicit theoretical, and explicit theoretical ones. Second, the

Practical and transcendent wisdom: Their nature and some longitudinal findings

A self-report Adjective Check List (ACL) Practical Wisdom Scale (PWS) and external ratings of Transcendent Wisdom (TWR), based on subjects' examples of personally important wisdom, were used to study

People nominated as wise: a comparative study of wisdom-related knowledge.

If there is a psychological bias to the conception of wisdom, this does not prevent nonpsychologists from being among the top performers, and old wisdom nominees performed as well as clinical psychologists who in past research had shown the highest levels of performance.