The Whiteness of AI

@article{Cave2020TheWO,
  title={The Whiteness of AI},
  author={Stephen Cave and Kanta Dihal},
  journal={Philosophy \& Technology},
  year={2020}
}
This paper focuses on the fact that AI is predominantly portrayed as white—in colour, ethnicity, or both. We first illustrate the prevalent Whiteness of real and imagined intelligent machines in four categories: humanoid robots, chatbots and virtual assistants, stock images of AI, and portrayals of AI in film and television. We then offer three interpretations of the Whiteness of AI, drawing on critical race theory, particularly the idea of the White racial frame. First, we examine the extent… 
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