Corpus ID: 53334973

The When, Where and Why of Human Memory Retrieval

  title={The When, Where and Why of Human Memory Retrieval},
  author={Qiong Zhang},
Memory retrieval is fundamental in our daily experiences, whether it is to recognize a friend, to decide what to order from a menu or to navigate on the street. The process of memory retrieval, however, is latent and embedded among other cognitive processes such as perceptual encoding, decision making, and motor response. To track precisely when memory retrieval takes place, my research isolates individual cognitive processes from observed neural signal, by modeling the psychological activity… 


A neuroanatomical model of prefrontal inhibitory modulation of memory retrieval
  • B. Depue
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews
  • 2012
A neuroanatomical model is developed to indicate three pathways from PFC to the hippocampal complex that support inhibition of memory retrieval, and describes these neural pathways increases the understanding of control over memory in general.
The Common Time Course of Memory Processes Revealed
It is concluded that memory processes for two different tasks, associative recognition versus arithmetic retrieval, follow a common spatiotemporal neural pattern and that both tasks have distinct retrieval and decision stages.
An information-processing model of three cortical regions: evidence in episodic memory retrieval
Support is provided for the prefrontal-parietal dissociation in terms of retrieval and representation and the modality-independent nature of the information processed by these regions.
Mapping working memory retrieval in space and in time: A combined electroencephalography and electrocorticography approach
Analysis of a rare dataset in which the same task was recorded using both scalp electroencephalography and Electrocorticography suggested that activity in the temporal cortex reflected item familiarity in the retrieval stage; and that once retrieval is complete, there is active maintenance of the studied face set in the decision stage in the MTL.
A Theory of Memory Retrieval.
A theory of memory retrieval is developed and is shown to apply over a range of experimental paradigms, and it is noted that neural network models can be interfaced to the retrieval theory with little difficulty and that semantic memory models may benefit from such a retrieval scheme.
A rational account of memory predicts left prefrontal activation during controlled retrieval.
A theory of declarative retrieval posits that the amount of control exerted by this region during retrieval is inversely proportional to the frequency and recency of previous experiences and the associative strength between the current context and the retrieved memory.
Human memory search
The importance of understanding human memory search is hard to exaggerate: we build and live our lives based on what whe remember. This chapter explores the characteristics of memory search, with
Neural Evidence for a Distinction between Short-term Memory and the Focus of Attention
It is demonstrated that memory can be preserved across a brief delay despite the apparent loss of sustained representations, and the results suggest that, even for small memory loads not exceeding the capacity limits of STM, the active maintenance of a stimulus representation may not be necessary for its short-term retention.
Electrophysiological evidence for the influence of unitization on the processes engaged during episodic retrieval: Enhancing familiarity based remembering
The findings suggest that the pattern of engagement of familiarity and recollection during successful episodic retrieval is dependent on the properties of the representations that underlie memory for an event.
Finding Structure in Time
A proposal along these lines first described by Jordan (1986) which involves the use of recurrent links in order to provide networks with a dynamic memory and suggests a method for representing lexical categories and the type/token distinction is developed.