The Wealth Tax of 1942 and the Disappearance of Non-Muslim Enterprises in Turkey

  title={The Wealth Tax of 1942 and the Disappearance of Non-Muslim Enterprises in Turkey},
  author={Seven Ağır and Cihan Artunç},
  journal={The Journal of Economic History},
  pages={201 - 243}
Turkey imposed a controversial tax on wealth to finance the army in 1942. This tax was arbitrarily assessed and fell disproportionately on non-Muslim minorities. We study the heterogeneous impact of this tax on firms by assembling a new dataset of all enterprises in Istanbul between 1926 and 1950. We find that the tax led to the liquidation of non-Muslim-owned firms, which were older and more productive, reduced the formation of new businesses with non-Muslim owners, and replaced them with… 
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