The Weak Coherence Account: Detail-focused Cognitive Style in Autism Spectrum Disorders

@article{Happ2006TheWC,
  title={The Weak Coherence Account: Detail-focused Cognitive Style in Autism Spectrum Disorders},
  author={Francesca Happ{\'e} and Uta Frith},
  journal={Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders},
  year={2006},
  volume={36},
  pages={5-25}
}
  • F. Happé, U. Frith
  • Published 2006
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Abstract“Weak central coherence” refers to the detail-focused processing style proposed to characterise autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The original suggestion of a core deficit in central processing resulting in failure to extract global form/meaning, has been challenged in three ways. First, it may represent an outcome of superiority in local processing. Second, it may be a processing bias, rather than deficit. Third, weak coherence may occur alongside, rather than explain, deficits in… Expand
Challenging Weak Central Coherence: A Brief Exploration of Neurological Evidence from Visual Processing and Linguistic Studies in Autism Spectrum Disorder
Previous theories have attempted to locate the root cause of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in terms of a typical central cognitive processes. However, the field of neuroscience is increasinglyExpand
The Power of the Positive: Revisiting Weak Coherence in Autism Spectrum Disorders
TLDR
This paper reexamines Frith's original concept of weak coherence, its historical origins, recent reformulations, and alternative accounts, and considers the on-line and developmental relations between these two aspects of “weak coherence”. Expand
Evidence of Reduced Global Processing in Autism Spectrum Disorder
TLDR
Two measures of global integration in which poor performance could not reflect increased local processing are presented, suggesting that reduced global integration comprises one important facet of weak central coherence in ASD. Expand
The Central Coherence Account of Autism Revisited: Evidence from the ComFor Study.
According to the central coherence account, people with autism have a tendency to focus on local rather than global processing. However, there is considerable controversy about the locus of the weakExpand
Deficit in visual temporal integration in autism spectrum disorders
TLDR
A weakness of individuals with ASD in naming familiar objects moved behind a narrow slit is reported, which was worsened by the absence of local salient features, providing direct evidence for the weak central coherence hypothesis. Expand
Brief Report: Atypical Social Cognition and Social Behaviours in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Different Way of Processing Rather than an Impairment
TLDR
It is concluded that atypical social behaviours in ASD are more likely to be a consequence reflective of a general processing difference than impairment in social cognition and/or motivation. Expand
Global/Local Visual Processing in Autism: Not a Disability, but a Disinclination
TLDR
This work studies global/local attention using the classic Navon stimuli in a large group of young children with and without ASD in two experiments allowing us to ask the following questions. Expand
Event Schemas in Autism Spectrum Disorders: The Role of Theory of Mind and Weak Central Coherence
TLDR
Abnormalities in event knowledge might help linking ASD-typical social deficits in real-life situations and the adherence to inflexible routines, and weak central coherence (WCC) undermine different aspects of event knowledge in people with autism spectrum disorder. Expand
Morphology in autism spectrum disorders: Local processing bias and language
TLDR
Evidence is provided for a connection between the local processing bias and the acquisition of morphology and grammar in a case of linguistic talent in the context of autism spectrum disorder, specifically Asperger syndrome. Expand
Performance of Children with Autism on the Embedded Figures Test: A Closer Look at a Popular Task
TLDR
While this task has been useful in establishing weak central coherence as a cognitive theory in autism, inconsistent past findings and its inability to disentangle global and local processing suggest that it should be used with caution in the future. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 174 REFERENCES
Linking theory of mind and central coherence bias in autism and in the general population.
TLDR
It is confirmed that poor theory-of-mind performance was linked to weak central coherence among typically developing children and among children with autism; however, the correlations between these measures were reliable only after accounting for differences in individuals' verbal mental ages. Expand
The temporal binding deficit hypothesis of autism
TLDR
The hypothesis that the features of autism associated with weak central coherence result from a reduction in the integration of specialized local neural networks in the brain caused by a deficit in temporal binding is proposed. Expand
Disentangling weak coherence and executive dysfunction: planning drawing in autism and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
TLDR
Testing clinical groups known to show deficits on tests of executive control indicates that weak coherence may indeed be a cognitive style specific to autism and unrelated to cognitive deficits in frontal functions. Expand
Weak central coherence, poor joint attention, and low verbal ability: independent deficits in early autism.
TLDR
Weak central coherence, poor joint attention, and low verbal ability contributed significantly and independently to the prediction of autism group membership, a finding consistent with 3 independent cognitive deficits underlying autism. Expand
Cognitive Styles in High-Functioning Adolescents with Autistic Disorder
This study addressed the operationalization, the identification, and the prevalence of weak central coherence and poor cognitive shifting in 35 high-functioning adolescents with autism. CentralExpand
Wechsler IQ profile and theory of mind in autism: a research note.
  • F. Happé
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 1994
TLDR
The present study reports the pattern of Wechsler subtest results for subjects with autism who do or do not pass standard theory of mind tasks, and suggests that while difficulty with the Comprehension subtest may reflect poor theory ofMind, relative skill on the Block Design subtest is characteristic of subjects with autistic regardless of theory ofmind performance. Expand
Central coherence and theory of mind in autism: Reading homographs in context
The hypothesis that people with autism have a specific deficit in ‘theory of mind’ has been successful in explaining the characteristic triad of social, communication and imagination impairments. ItExpand
Abnormal global processing along the dorsal visual pathway in autism: a possible mechanism for weak visuospatial coherence?
TLDR
The outcomes indicate that the elevated global motion thresholds in autism are the result of high-level impairments in dorsal cortical regions, which might contribute to differential performance when processing stimuli as Gestalts. Expand
Autism: beyond “theory of mind”
The theory of mind account of autism has been remarkably successful in making specific predictions about the impairments in socialization, imagination and communication shown by people with autism.Expand
Atypical interference of local detail on global processing in high-functioning autism and Asperger's disorder.
TLDR
Global processing in children and adolescents with autism and Asperger's disorder was more vulnerable when the local stimuli were incongruent, and the neurobiological significance of these findings were discussed in the context of a fronto-striatal model of dysfunction. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...