The Volcanic Destruction of Minoan Crete

  title={The Volcanic Destruction of Minoan Crete},
  author={Spyridon Marinatos},
  pages={425 - 439}
In the long history of Minoan civilization two great catastrophes are discernible, of which the famous Cretan palaces themselves provide the chief source of our knowledge. Everywhere the catastrophes are seen to be contemporaneous. We can distinguish a period of the first palaces (MM) and a subsequent period of the second palaces (LM). There is no perceptible break in the development of the civilization as a result of these catastrophes. For this reason, the theories that the palaces were… 

The great Minoan eruption of Thera volcano and the ensuing tsunami in the Greek Archipelago

The eastern Mediterranean has been the cradle of many great civilizations. The history of the area consisted of glorious battles, heroic acts, and the rise and fall of great civilizations. But,

The Thera eruption and Late Minoan-IB destructions on Crete

MARINATOS' theory1 of the decline of the Minoan civilisation by paroxysmal volcanic events of the Thera volcano is widely accepted, and many papers on the topic have been published, especially since

Santorini tephra from Rhodes

The large eruption of the Santorini (Thera) volcano, in ∼1500 BC, inspired Marinatos to attribute the decline of the Minoan civilization to this eruption1. It is still, however, being debated2,3

Discovery of Minoan tsunami deposits

The Hellenic arc is a terrane of extensive Quaternary volcanism. One of the main centers of explosive eruptions is located on Thera (Santorini), and the eruption of the Thera volcano in late Minoan

Der Ausbruch des Thera-Vulkans um 1500 v. Chr.

The stylistic development of the painted pottery from the excavations of Akrotiri evidences that the great Late-Minoan eruption of the Thera volcano must be dated around 1500 B.C, meaning that the decline of the Minoan civilization was neither caused nor influenced by this volcanic event as suggested by the Marinatos theory.


The most discussed natural catastrophe in the Mediterranean region is the major eruption of the Thera volcano. The third Thera and the Aegean World (1989) conference reached some agreement on its

The Interplay between Environment and People from Neolithic to Classical Times in Greece and Albania

The objective of this chapter is to examine environmental and societal changes in the southern part of the Balkan Peninsula. By virtue of its position facing Asia Minor (Anatolia), the southern part