The Viking Biological Investigation: Preliminary Results

@article{Klein1976TheVB,
  title={The Viking Biological Investigation: Preliminary Results},
  author={H. Klein and N. Horowitz and G. Levin and V. Oyama and J. Lederberg and A. Rich and J. S. Hubbard and G. Hobby and P. Straat and B. J. Berdahl and G. C. Carle and F. S. Brown and R. D. Johnson},
  journal={Science},
  year={1976},
  volume={194},
  pages={105 - 99}
}
  • H. Klein, N. Horowitz, +10 authors R. D. Johnson
  • Published 1976
  • Medicine, Chemistry
  • Science
  • Three different types of biological experiments on samples of martian surface material ("soil") were conducted inside the Viking lander. In the carbon assimilation or pyrolytic release experiment, 14CO2 and 14CO were exposed to soil in the presence of light. A small amount of gas was found to be converted into organic material. Heat treatment of a duplicate sample prevented such conversion. In the gas exchange experiment, soil was first humidified (exposed to water vapor) for 6 sols and then… CONTINUE READING

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    References

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    Origins Life, in press
    • 1970
    Solid volume of soil delivered was estimated to be 0
      We acknowledge the effective and tireless efforts of the engineers who are part of the Viking Biology Flight team and without whom these experiments could not have been accomplished