The Venus effect in real life and in photographs

  title={The Venus effect in real life and in photographs},
  author={Marco Bertamini and Rebecca Lawson and Luke Jones and Madeline Winters},
  journal={Attention, Perception, \& Psychophysics},
The toilet of Venus is the subject of many paintings. Typically, Venus appears with a small mirror in which her face is visible. Observers tend to say that Venus is admiring herself in a mirror, even when the location of the mirror makes this impossible. We demonstrate that the Venus effect is not specific to paintings by showing that it occurs in real life (Experiment 1) and in photographs (Experiments 1-4). The original description of the effect implied that observers describe Venus as seeing… 
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