The Venus Effect: People's Understanding of Mirror Reflections in Paintings

@article{Bertamini2003TheVE,
  title={The Venus Effect: People's Understanding of Mirror Reflections in Paintings},
  author={Marco Bertamini and Richard Latto and Alice Spooner},
  journal={Perception},
  year={2003},
  volume={32},
  pages={593 - 599}
}
We propose the term ‘Venus effect’ for a common phenomenon in picture perception. It occurs when a picture shows an actor and a mirror that are not placed along the observer's line of sight, for instance a Venus admiring herself in a small mirror, and when the actor's reflection in the mirror is visible to the observer. In this situation, observers tend to report, incorrectly, that Venus is also seeing herself in the mirror in the same location as the observer. We discuss this using famous… 

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