The Vatican Rotunda: A Severan Monument and its Early History, c. 200 to 500

  title={The Vatican Rotunda: A Severan Monument and its Early History, c. 200 to 500},
  author={R. D. H. Gem},
  journal={Journal of the British Archaeological Association},
  pages={1 - 45}
  • R. Gem
  • Published 1 October 2005
  • History
  • Journal of the British Archaeological Association
Abstract The rotunda that stood on the site of the former Circus of Gaius and Nero beside old St Peter's in Rome was first constructed at the beginning of the 3rd century, as demonstrated by archaeological evidence. It was finally demolished only in 1777, and a clear picture of the building prior to this is established from early graphic sources. The rotunda stood over a podium-crypt; it had eight radiating exedrae at the main floor level; and it was surmounted by a clerestory and a ribbed dome… 

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    Papers of the British School at Rome
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