The Variability Hypothesis: The History of a Biological Model of Sex Differences in Intelligence

  title={The Variability Hypothesis: The History of a Biological Model of Sex Differences in Intelligence},
  author={Stephanie A. Shields},
  journal={Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society},
  pages={769 - 797}
  • S. Shields
  • Published 1 July 1982
  • Psychology, Biology
  • Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
sociobiology, a prevailing theme in the scientific study of sex differences has been the assumption that biological structural properties have ineluctable behavioral consequences. The belief that "biology is destiny" was not invented by the Freudian theorists, nor is it exclusive to that model of human behavior. The precise biological mechanisms proposed to produce behavioral differences vary as a function of the cultural and scientific zeitgeist. Darwin's explanation of secondary sex… 

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Theory of X-linkage of major intellectual traits.

  • R. Lehrke
  • Psychology, Medicine
    American journal of mental deficiency
  • 1972

Carl Murchison, 2d rev

  • Handbook of Child Psychology
  • 1933

More about Sex Differences

  • School and Society

91. The burgeoning literature on sex differences in specific mental abilities is covered in a series of review essays by Chauncey N. Allen: "Studies in Sex Differences

  • Recent Studies in Sex Differences," ibid
  • 1926

) suggested that a sex-linked tendency for biological vulnerability could explain the better performance of females on intelligence tests. See also Robert G. Lehrke

  • Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
  • 1934

The Biology of Mental Defects

  • 1963