The Variability Hypothesis: The History of a Biological Model of Sex Differences in Intelligence

  title={The Variability Hypothesis: The History of a Biological Model of Sex Differences in Intelligence},
  author={Stephanie A. Shields},
  journal={Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society},
  pages={769 - 797}
  • S. Shields
  • Published 1 July 1982
  • Psychology
  • Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
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Fraiser, "A Comparative Study of the Variability
  • 1911
Theory of X-linkage of major intellectual traits.
  • R. Lehrke
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • American journal of mental deficiency
  • 1972
The Biology of Mental Defects
  • 1963
) suggested that a sex-linked tendency for biological vulnerability could explain the better performance of females on intelligence tests. See also Robert G. Lehrke
  • Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
  • 1934
Carl Murchison, 2d rev
  • Handbook of Child Psychology
  • 1933
91. The burgeoning literature on sex differences in specific mental abilities is covered in a series of review essays by Chauncey N. Allen: "Studies in Sex Differences
  • Recent Studies in Sex Differences," ibid
  • 1926