The Value of Coastal Wetlands for Hurricane Protection

  title={The Value of Coastal Wetlands for Hurricane Protection},
  author={Robert Costanza and Octavio P{\'e}rez-Maqueo and M. Luisa Mart{\'i}nez and Paul C. Sutton and Sharolyn Anderson and Kenneth Mulder},
Abstract Coastal wetlands reduce the damaging effects of hurricanes on coastal communities. A regression model using 34 major US hurricanes since 1980 with the natural log of damage per unit gross domestic product in the hurricane swath as the dependent variable and the natural logs of wind speed and wetland area in the swath as the independent variables was highly significant and explained 60% of the variation in relative damages. A loss of 1 ha of wetland in the model corresponded to an… Expand
The value of China’s coastal wetlands and seawalls for storm protection
Abstract China has relied on seawalls for storm protection along its coasts for decades. In contrast, the storm protection functions of coastal wetlands are often ignored by decision makers in China.Expand
The value of coastal wetlands for storm protection in Australia
Abstract Cyclones cause significant damage, particularly to coastal areas. In the 50 years between 1967 and 2016, 54 cyclones struck Australia with total damages of approximately AUD 3 billion.Expand
Coastal wetlands reduce property damage during tropical cyclones
  • F. Sun, R. Carson
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2020
Property damage caused by 88 tropical storms and hurricanes hitting the United States between 1996 and 2016 is analyzed and it is shown that counties with more wetland coverage experienced significantly less property damage. Expand
The Value of Wetlands in Protecting Southeast Louisiana from Hurricane Storm Surges
Hydrodynamic analysis of simulated hurricane storm surges and economic valuation of expected property damages shows that the presence of coastal marshes and their vegetation has a demonstrable effect on reducing storm surge levels, thus generating significant values in terms of protecting property in southeast Louisiana. Expand
The resilience of coastal marshes to hurricanes: The potential impact of excess nutrients.
The results highlight the resilience of coastal marsh ecosystems against hurricanes, but also underline the profound synergistic effects of climatic and anthropogenic factors on the sustainability of coastal ecosystems, which have important implications for coastal management under the current climate trend. Expand
The Economic Value of Wetlands as Storm Buffers
Communities along the US coast are highly vulnerable to coastal storms. Trends in population growth, climatic events and land use are likely to exacerbate future damages. Coastal management entitiesExpand
The Role of Wetlands for Mitigating Economic Damage from Hurricanes
Coastal communities along the United States coast often experience significant economic damage resulting from the impacts of tropical storms and hurricanes. Research suggests that certain factorsExpand
The value of coastal wetland flood prevention lost to urbanization on the coastal plain of the Gulf of Mexico: An analysis of flood damage by hurricane impacts
Abstract Wetlands provide ecosystem services such as flood prevention; however, their transformation to housing developments limits the provision of these services. When tropical storms andExpand
Impacts of hurricanes on surface water flow within a wetland
Between 2001 and 2005, seven category 3 or higher major hurricanes made landfall within the US. The hydrologic impacts of these distinct climatic phenomena frequently occurring in wetland watersheds,Expand
Spatially-explicit valuation of coastal wetlands for cyclone mitigation in Australia and China
Analysis of data from 1990–2012 shows that the variation of cyclone frequencies is related to EI Niño strength in the Pacific Ocean adjacent to Australia, but not China, and the urgency to integrate this value into existing valuations of coastal wetlands is highlighted. Expand


The value of coastal wetlands for protection of property against hurricane wind damage
Abstract The paper has attempted to place a value on wetlands for their role in reducing wind damage to property because of diminished storm intensities. The study estimated a storm wind damageExpand
Valuation and management of wetland ecosystems
We recently completed a study of wetland values in coastal Louisiana that employed both willingness-to-pay and energy analysis-based methodologies and were able to bracket a range of values withinExpand
Estimating the Provision of Ecosystem Services by Gulf of Mexico Coastal Wetlands
  • V. Engle
  • Environmental Science
  • Wetlands
  • 2010
Gulf of Mexico (GOM) coastal wetlands contribute to human well-being by providing many ecosystem services. The GOM region continues to experience substantial losses of coastal wetlands, but theExpand
The Hurricane and Its Impact
Recent population increases in coastal regions of the tropics and subtropics have greatly enhanced man's vulnerability to tropical cyclones. Thus, this book on hurricanes by Robert H. Simpson andExpand
Modeling belowground water table fluctuations in the Everglades.
[1] Humid lands, such as riparian zones, peatlands, and unsubmerged wetlands, are considered among the most biologically diverse of all ecosystems, providing a bountiful habitat for a large number ofExpand
Normalized Hurricane Damage in the United States: 1900–2005
After more than two decades of relatively little Atlantic hurricane activity, the past decade saw heightened hurricane activity and more than $150 billion in damage in 2004 and 2005. This paperExpand
Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years
  • K. Emanuel
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Nature
  • 2005
An index of the potential destructiveness of hurricanes based on the total dissipation of power, integrated over the lifetime of the cyclone, is defined and shows that this index has increased markedly since the mid-1970s, due to both longer storm lifetimes and greater storm intensities. Expand
The Asian Tsunami: A Protective Role for Coastal Vegetation
An assessment of coastlines after the tsunami indicates that coastal vegetation such as mangroves and beach forests helped to provide protection and reduce effects on adjacent communities. Expand
Patterns of short-term sedimentation in a freshwater created marsh.
This study investigated different sedimentation measurement techniques and examined patterns of short-term sedimentation in two 1-ha replicate created freshwater marshes in central Ohio, USA.Expand
Estimating shallow subsidence in microtidal salt marshes of the southeastern United States: Kaye and Barghoorn revisited
Abstract Simultaneous measurements of vertical accretion and change in surface elevation relative to a shallow (3–5 m) subsurface datum were made in selected coastal salt marshes of Louisiana,Expand