The Value of Coastal Wetlands for Hurricane Protection

  title={The Value of Coastal Wetlands for Hurricane Protection},
  author={Robert Costanza and Octavio P{\'e}rez-Maqueo and M. Luisa Mart{\'i}nez and Paul C. Sutton and Sharolyn J. Anderson and Kenneth Mulder},
Abstract Coastal wetlands reduce the damaging effects of hurricanes on coastal communities. A regression model using 34 major US hurricanes since 1980 with the natural log of damage per unit gross domestic product in the hurricane swath as the dependent variable and the natural logs of wind speed and wetland area in the swath as the independent variables was highly significant and explained 60% of the variation in relative damages. A loss of 1 ha of wetland in the model corresponded to an… 

The value of China’s coastal wetlands and seawalls for storm protection

Coastal wetlands reduce property damage during tropical cyclones

  • F. SunR. Carson
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2020
Property damage caused by 88 tropical storms and hurricanes hitting the United States between 1996 and 2016 is analyzed and it is shown that counties with more wetland coverage experienced significantly less property damage.

The Value of Wetlands in Protecting Southeast Louisiana from Hurricane Storm Surges

Hydrodynamic analysis of simulated hurricane storm surges and economic valuation of expected property damages shows that the presence of coastal marshes and their vegetation has a demonstrable effect on reducing storm surge levels, thus generating significant values in terms of protecting property in southeast Louisiana.

The Economic Value of Wetlands as Storm Buffers

Communities along the US coast are highly vulnerable to coastal storms. Trends in population growth, climatic events and land use are likely to exacerbate future damages. Coastal management entities

The Role of Wetlands for Mitigating Economic Damage from Hurricanes

Coastal communities along the United States coast often experience significant economic damage resulting from the impacts of tropical storms and hurricanes. Research suggests that certain factors

Impacts of hurricanes on surface water flow within a wetland

Spatially-explicit valuation of coastal wetlands for cyclone mitigation in Australia and China

Analysis of data from 1990–2012 shows that the variation of cyclone frequencies is related to EI Niño strength in the Pacific Ocean adjacent to Australia, but not China, and the urgency to integrate this value into existing valuations of coastal wetlands is highlighted.



The Hurricane and Its Impact

Recent population increases in coastal regions of the tropics and subtropics have greatly enhanced man's vulnerability to tropical cyclones. Thus, this book on hurricanes by Robert H. Simpson and

Modeling belowground water table fluctuations in the Everglades

Humid lands, such as riparian zones, peatlands, and unsubmerged wetlands, are considered among the most biologically diverse of all ecosystems, providing a bountiful habitat for a large number of

Normalized Hurricane Damage in the United States: 1900–2005

After more than two decades of relatively little Atlantic hurricane activity, the past decade saw heightened hurricane activity and more than $150 billion in damage in 2004 and 2005. This paper

Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years

An index of the potential destructiveness of hurricanes based on the total dissipation of power, integrated over the lifetime of the cyclone, is defined and shows that this index has increased markedly since the mid-1970s, due to both longer storm lifetimes and greater storm intensities.

The Asian Tsunami: A Protective Role for Coastal Vegetation

An assessment of coastlines after the tsunami indicates that coastal vegetation such as mangroves and beach forests helped to provide protection and reduce effects on adjacent communities.

Patterns of short-term sedimentation in a freshwater created marsh.

This study investigated different sedimentation measurement techniques and examined patterns of short-term sedimentation in two 1-ha replicate created freshwater marshes in central Ohio, USA.

The Empirics of Wetland Valuation: A Comprehensive Summary and a Meta-Analysis of the Literature

Wetlands are highly productive ecosystems, providing a number of goods and services that are of value to people. The open-access nature and the public-good characteristics of wetlands often result in