The Validity of the Diagnosis of Gender Identity Disorder (Child and Adolescent Criteria)

@article{Wilson2002TheVO,
  title={The Validity of the Diagnosis of Gender Identity Disorder (Child and Adolescent Criteria)},
  author={Ian C. Wilson and Christine Griffin and Bernadette Wren},
  journal={Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry},
  year={2002},
  volume={7},
  pages={335 - 351}
}
This article looks at the diagnosis of gender identity disorder (child and adolescent criteria) as used in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV). It considers how gender identity disorder came to be in the fourth edition, and explores some of the problematic aspects of the DSM-IV criteria. The authors argue that research has focused on cross-gender behaviours and gender role, and consequently muddled issues of pathology. In particular, that this has served to… 

Tables from this paper

The DSM Diagnostic Criteria for Gender Identity Disorder in Children
  • K. Zucker
  • Psychology
    Archives of sexual behavior
  • 2010
TLDR
It is concluded that the persistent desire to be of the other gender should be a necessary symptom for the diagnosis of Gender Identity Disorder in children in the DSM-III, DSM- III-R, and DSM-IV.
Gender Identity Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence
Abstract While debates continue as to whether or not a diagnosis of gender identity disorder (GID) is wanted or needed by today's adult transsexual, there is increasing concern both in academic and
Gender Identity Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence
Abstract While debates continue as to whether or not a diagnosis of gender identity disorder (GID) is wanted or needed by today's adult transsexual, there is increasing concern both in academic and
Making gender identity disorder of childhood: Historical lessons for contemporary debates
Gender Identity Disorder of Childhood (GIDC)—a psychiatric diagnosis given to gendervariant children—has been controversial since its creation. Critics inside and outside of the mental health
Are Gender Identity Disorders Mental Disorders? Recommendations for Revision of the World Professional Association for Transgender Health's Standards of Care
ABSTRACT Gender identity disorders are included as formal diagnoses in both the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and the International Classification of Diseases. The fact that
Gender variance in childhood/adolescence: Gender identity journeys not involving physical intervention
Much of the current literature on gender-variant children and young people focuses on aetiology and developmental outcomes in adolescence, whereas their developmental experiences have been neglected.
Was the Gender Identity Disorder of Childhood Diagnosis Introduced into DSM-III as a Backdoor Maneuver to Replace Homosexuality? A Historical Note
TLDR
This article argues that GIDC was included as a psychiatric diagnosis because it met the generally accepted criteria used by the framers of DSM-III for inclusion and was guided by the reliance on “expert consensus” (research clinicians)—the same mechanism that led to the introduction of many new psychiatric diagnoses, including those for which systematic field trials were not available when the DSM- III was published.
An exploration of the construction of gender identity disorders in children andyoung people in the popular press.
This study examines the portrayals of gender identity issues in children and young people in popular U.K. newspapers and magazines published between January 2008 and January 2011. Seventy-five media
What Can the Samoan "Fa'afafine" Teach Us about the Western Concept of Gender Identity Disorder in Childhood?
TLDR
It is concluded that the diagnostic category of GIDC should not occur in its current form in future editions of the DSM, as there is no compelling evidence that cross-gender behaviors or identities, in and of themselves, cause distress in the individual.
Problems with binary gender discourse: Using context to promote flexibility and connection in gender identity
TLDR
The challenges of binary gender discourse for young people and their wider contexts are described and how clinicians may more helpfully respond to avoid unhelpful binaries are considered to keep the young person in mind.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 75 REFERENCES
Sex, Gender and Culture: Issues in the Definition, Assessment and Treatment of Gender Identity Disorder
As a diagnostic category, gender identity disorder remains problematic with ongoing debates concerning aetiology, definition and ethics of treatment. Inherent in the current DSM definition is a
Two subgroups of gender-problem children
TLDR
The cross-gender role behavior of gender-referred children who met the DSM-III criteria was generally more extreme than that of their non-DSM-III counterparts, and these two diagnostically defined subgroups did not differ in the degree of their behavioral and emotional disturbance.
Interim report of the DSM-IV Subcommittee on Gender Identity Disorders
This article summarizes the discussions and recommendations of the DSM-IV Subcommittee on Gender Identity Disorders, a subcommittee of the Child Psychiatry Work Group, regarding diagnostic issues.
Terminology and Classification of Gender Identity Disorders
German clinicians began describing individuals with some form of gender discomfort over 160 vears ago. This culminated with the publication of Die Transvestiten by Magnus Hirschfeld in 1910.
Gender identity disorder of childhood. Introduction.
Psychological and Familial Aspects of Gender Identity Disorder
Indices of psychopathology in the Rorschachs of boys with severe gender identity disorder: a comparison with normal control subjects.
TLDR
The findings suggest that GID boys do not suffer solely from gender symptomatology but are disturbed in other aspects of their ego functioning as well.
CHILDHOOD CROSS‐GENDER IDENTIFICATION
  • R. Green
  • Psychology
    The Journal of nervous and mental disease
  • 1968
TLDR
Nine boys, each 8 years of age or younger when first diagnosed as manifesting anomalous gender role development, were behaving in the way adult male transsexuals report having behaved at a comparable age when initially evaluated.
Relationship of Maternal Report of Feminine Behaviors and Extraversion to Clinician's Rating of Gender Disturbance
50 boys, aged 3 to 16 yr., referred for psychotherapy for a gender-identity disorder were assessed by two parent-report instruments completed by their mothers—The Gender Behavior Inventory for Boys
Gender Loving Care: A Guide to Counseling Gender-Variant Clients
TLDR
Gender Loving Care is the first book to combine theory and application to assist professionals counseling the transgendered, and provides both an overview of gender identity disorders and practical advice on counseling.
...
...