The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey XVII. Physical and wind properties of massive stars at the top of the main sequence

  title={The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey XVII. Physical and wind properties of massive stars at the top of the main sequence},
  author={Joachim M. Bestenlehner and Gotz Grafener and Jorick S. Vink and Francisco Najarro and A. de Koter and Hugues Sana and C. J. Evans and Paul A. Crowther and Vincent H'enault-Brunet and Artemio Herrero and Norbert Langer and Fabian R. N. Schneider and Sergio Sim'on-D'iaz and William D. Taylor and Nolan R. Walborn},
  journal={arXiv: Solar and Stellar Astrophysics},
The evolution and fate of very massive stars (VMS) is tightly connected to their mass-loss properties. Their initial and final masses differ significantly as a result of mass loss. VMS have strong stellar winds and extremely high ionising fluxes, which are thought to be critical sources of both mechanical and radiative feedback in giant Hii regions. However, how VMS mass-loss properties change during stellar evolution is poorly understood. In the framework of the VLT-Flames Tarantula Survey… 
The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey XXIV. Stellar properties of the O-type giants and supergiants in 30 Doradus
The Tarantula region in the Large Magellanic Cloud contains the richest population of spatially resolved massive O-type stars known so far. This unmatched sample offers an opportunity to test models
The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey XXV. Surface nitrogen abundances of O-type giants and supergiants
Theoretically, rotation-induced chemical mixing in massive stars has far reaching evolutionary consequences, affecting the sequence of morphological phases, lifetimes, nucleosynthesis, and supernova
The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey - XXVI. Properties of the O-dwarf population in 30 Doradus
Context. The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey has observed hundreds of O-type stars in the 30 Doradus region of the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). Aims. We study the properties of a statistically
Mass loss and the Eddington parameter: a new mass-loss recipe for hot and massive stars
Mass loss through stellar winds plays a dominant role in the evolution of massive stars. In particular the mass-loss rates of very massive stars (VMSs, $> 100\,M_{\odot}$) are highly uncertain. Such
Physics and evolution of the most massive stars in 30 Doradus
The identification of stellar-mass black-hole mergers with up to 80 Msun as powerful sources of gravitational wave radiation led to increased interest in the physics of the most massive stars. The
Subsonic structure and optically thick winds from Wolf–Rayet stars
Mass loss by stellar wind is a key agent in the evolution and spectroscopic appearance of massive main sequence and post-main sequence stars. In Wolf–Rayet stars the winds can be so dense and so
The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey
The 30 Doradus (30 Dor) nebula in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) is the brightest HII region in the Local Group and a prototype starburst similar to those found in high redshift galaxies. It is
The Wolf–Rayet binaries of the nitrogen sequence in the Large Magellanic Cloud
Context. Massive Wolf–Rayet (WR) stars dominate the radiative and mechanical energy budget of galaxies and probe a critical phase in the evolution of massive stars prior to core collapse. It is not
Stellar population of the superbubble N 206 in the LMC - I. Analysis of the Of-type stars
Context. Massive stars severely influence their environment by their strong ionizing radiation and by the momentum and kinetic energy input provided by their stellar winds and supernovae.
Metallicity-dependent wind parameter predictions for OB stars
Mass-loss rates and terminal wind velocities are key parameters that determine the kinetic wind energy and momenta of massive stars. Furthermore, accurate mass-loss rates determine the mass and


The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey III. A very massive star in apparent isolation from the massive cluster R136
VFTS 682 is located in an active star-forming region, at a projected distance of 29 pc from the young massive cluster R136 in the Tarantula Nebula of the Large Magellanic Cloud. It was previously
The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey. XIII: On the nature of O Vz stars in 30 Doradus
Context. O Vz stars, a subclass of O-type dwarfs characterized by having He ii λ4686 stronger in absorption than any other helium line in their blue-violet spectra, have been suggested to be on or
The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey - XII. Rotational velocities of the single O-type stars
Context. The 30 Doradus (30 Dor) region of the Large Magellanic Cloud, also known as the Tarantula nebula, is the nearest starburst region. It contains the richest population of massive stars in the
The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey. VIII. Multiplicity properties of the O-type star population
Context. The Tarantula Nebula in the Large Magellanic Cloud is our closest view of a starburst region and is the ideal environment to investigate important questions regarding the formation,
The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey. VII. A low velocity dispersion for the young massive cluster R136
Detailed studies of resolved young massive star clusters are necessary to determine their dynamical state and evaluate the importance of gas expulsion and early cluster evolution. In an effort to
The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula survey
The scientific motivations and an overview of the survey targets are introduced and the spectral properties of sixteen targets identified by Gruendl & Chu from Spitzer photometry as candidate young stellar objects or stars with notable mid-infrared excesses are investigated.
The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey. XI. A census of the hot luminous stars and their feedback in 30 Doradus
Context. The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey has an extensive view of the copious number of massive stars in the 30 Doradus (30 Dor) star forming region of the Large Magellanic Cloud. These stars play a
Stellar mass-loss near the Eddington limit Tracing the sub-photospheric layers of classical Wolf-Rayet stars
Context. Towards the end of their evolution, hot massive stars develop strong stellar winds and appear as emission line stars, such as Wolf-Rayet (WR) stars or luminous blue variables (LBVs). The
The VLT-FLAMES Survey of Massive Stars
The VLT-FLAMES Survey of Massive Stars was an ESO Large Programme to understand rotational mixing and stellar mass loss in different metallicity environments, in order to better constrain massive
Mass loss from inhomogeneous hot star winds - II. Constraints from a combined optical/UV study
Context. Mass loss is essential for massive star evolution, thus also for the variety of astrophysical applications relying on it s predictions. However, mass-loss rates currently in use for hot,