The VLF field generated by a loop antenna in the ionosphere

  • Hui Ran Zeng
  • Published 2018 in
    2018 IEEE International Symposium on…
Very Low Frequency (VLF: 3–30 kHz) electromagnetic waves are widely used in submarine communications. By so far, the complete expressions of the electromagnetic field generated by a magnetic dipole in arbitrary direction in the F2-layer of the ionosphere have not been given. In this paper, with the dipole source placed in the ionosphere, we will attempt to… CONTINUE READING