The Use of Weighted Vests with Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Other Disabilities

@article{Stephenson2009TheUO,
  title={The Use of Weighted Vests with Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Other Disabilities},
  author={Jennifer Stephenson and Mark Carter},
  journal={Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders},
  year={2009},
  volume={39},
  pages={105-114}
}
Therapists who use sensory integration therapy may recommend that children wear weighted vests as an intervention strategy that they claim may assist in remediating problems such as inattentiveness, hyperactivity, stereotypic behaviors and clumsiness. Seven studies examining weighted vests are reviewed. While there is only a limited body of research and a number of methodological weaknesses, on balance, indications are that weighted vests are ineffective. There may be an arguable case for… Expand
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The findings suggest needed re-evaluation of the use of weighted vests with toddlers and no replicated effects of vests on competing behaviours or joint attention are found. Expand
Effects of Weighted Vests on Classroom Behavior for Children with Autism and Cognitive Impairments.
Abstract This randomized controlled single-case study investigated the effects of weighted vests for 10 children with autism in a classroom setting. Blinded observers rated targeted behaviors throughExpand
Examining the Use of Deep Touch Pressure to Improve the Educational Performance of Students With Disabilities
The current meta-analysis examined the use of deep touch pressure (DTP; e.g., weighted vests) with students with disabilities. DTP is a form of sensory integration therapy that is currently usedExpand
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ABSTRACT Weighted vests (WV) are used to influence behavior through sensory integration in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, WV effects on motor ability during walking are notExpand
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The effects of a weighted vest on aggressive and self-injurious behavior in a child with autism
TLDR
The results support previous literature which states that the use of weighted vests does not appear to decrease challenging behavior, as the weighted vest had no marked effect on levels of aggression and self-injurious behavior. Expand
Effectiveness of Ayres Sensory Integration® and Sensory-Based Interventions for People With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review.
  • R. Watling, S. Hauer
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
  • 2015
TLDR
Recommendations include performing higher level studies with larger samples, using the Fidelity Measure in studies of ASI, and using carefully operationalized definitions and systematic methods in examination of SBIs. Expand
Behavioural and physiological effects of weighted vests for children with autism
Methods: Ten children with autism (ages 3 to 10) wore a vest for 20-30 minutes and were videotaped during a tabletop activity at the same time each school day for 8 weeks. For two weeks at a time theExpand
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References

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TLDR
Staying on task, staying in seat and attention span were the most common behaviors that therapists reported improving when weighted vests were used, and they were more common with children with the diagnoses of autism or attention deficit disorder. Expand
A Review of Research on the Use of Weighted Vests with Children on the Autism Spectrum
INTRODUCTION Autism spectrum disorder is a neurobiological disorder that is characterized by qualitative impairments in language, qualitative impairments in social skills, and stereotyped orExpand
Occupational therapists' reported experiences using weighted vests with children with specific developmental disorders.
TLDR
Although the interviewees observed some different behavioural changes in children with various developmental disorders when these children used weighted vests, their practice patterns in using the vests were similar across disabilities. Expand
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  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
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TLDR
Preliminary findings support the hypothesis that wearing a weighted vest to apply deep pressure increases on-task behavior during fine motor activities. Expand
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TLDR
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This paper is a reaction to the profound impact which sensory integration theory has had on theory and practice in occupational therapy. Five key outcome studies employing sensory integration therapyExpand
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Children with disabilities have frequently participated in various interventions before the efficacy of those practices was scientifically validated. When subsequent scientific evidence failed toExpand
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TLDR
It is concluded that the current fund of research findings may well be sufficient to declare SI therapy not merely an unproven, but a demonstrably ineffective, primary or adjunctive remedial treatment for learning disabilities and other disorders. Expand
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TLDR
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