The Use of Ochre and Painting During the Upper Paleolithic of the Swabian Jura in the Context of the Development of Ochre Use in Africa and Europe

  title={The Use of Ochre and Painting During the Upper Paleolithic of the Swabian Jura in the Context of the Development of Ochre Use in Africa and Europe},
  author={Sibylle Wolf and Nicholas J. Conard and Harald Floss and Rimtautas Dapschauskas and Elizabeth C. Velliky and Andrew W. Kandel},
  journal={Open Archaeology},
  pages={185 - 205}
Abstract While the earliest evidence for ochre use is very sparse, the habitual use of ochre by hominins appeared about 140,000 years ago and accompanied them ever since. Here, we present an overview of archaeological sites in southwestern Germany, which yielded remains of ochre. We focus on the artifacts belonging exclusively to anatomically modern humans who were the inhabitants of the cave sites in the Swabian Jura during the Upper Paleolithic. The painted limestones from the Magdalenian… 

Ochre and pigment use at Hohle Fels cave: Results of the first systematic review of ochre and ochre-related artefacts from the Upper Palaeolithic in Germany

The first in-depth study of the diachronic changes in ochre use throughout an entire Upper Palaeolithic sequence at Hohle Fels cave, Germany, spanning from ca.

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A female figurine from the basal Aurignacian of Hohle Fels Cave in southwestern Germany

  • N. Conard
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2009
The discovery of a female mammoth-ivory figurine in the basal Aurignacian deposit at Hohle Fels Cave in the Swabian Jura of southwestern Germany during excavations in 2008 is reported, making it one of the oldest known examples of figurative art.

Shells and ochre in Middle Paleolithic Qafzeh Cave, Israel: indications for modern behavior.

Ochre in the Middle Stone Age of Southern Africa: Ritualised Display or Hide Preservative?

Symbolic and utilitarian interpretations have been proposedfor red ochre use in the African Middle Stone Age, but these have rarely been developed. . This paper reviews the hypotheses, recasts them

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Early Upper Paleolithic cultures—the Aurignacian and the Gravettian—are rarely represented at sites in central Europe. Only two new sites have been excavated since the last syntheses by Hahn (1977)

Paleolithic burnt bone horizons from the Swabian Jura: Distinguishing between in situ fireplaces and dumping areas

Hohle Fels Cave is one of several Upper Paleolithic sites on the eastern extension of the Swabian Alb in southwestern Germany. Several phases of excavations have been conducted since 1870. The

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Identification of the Maastricht-Belvédère finds as hematite pushes the use of red ochre by (early) Neandertals back in time significantly, to minimally 200–250 kya (i.e., to the same time range as the early o chre use in the African record).

Indian laterites, and lateritious residues of southern Germany: A petrographic, mineralogical, and geochemical comparison

The Bohnerz Formation of the Swabian Alb (southern Germany) currently exists as a series of isolated pockets of iron rich pebbles, often pisolitic in nature and typically set within a kaolinitic

Earliest evidence of personal ornaments associated with burial: the Conus shells from Border Cave.

An Acheulian occupation site at Hunsgi, Peninsular India: A summary of the results of two seasons of excavation (1975–6)

Abstract Several Acheulian sites have been discovered recently in the vicinity of Hunsgi, North Karnataka, and one of them (Hunsgi Locality V) appears to be an occupation site in primary context.