The Use of Expertise-Based Randomized Controlled Trials to Assess Spinal Manipulation and Acupuncture for Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review

@article{Johnston2008TheUO,
  title={The Use of Expertise-Based Randomized Controlled Trials to Assess Spinal Manipulation and Acupuncture for Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review},
  author={Bradley C Johnston and Bruno R. da Costa and Philip J Devereaux and Elie A. Akl and Jason Walter Busse},
  journal={Spine},
  year={2008},
  volume={33},
  pages={914-918}
}
Study Design. Systematic review. Objective. To assess current use of expertise-based randomization in trials of acupuncture or spinal manipulation for low back pain. Summary of Background Data. The randomized clinical trial is often referred to as the gold standard for providing evidence to guide therapeutic decisions. Random allocation of participants to intervention and control groups theoretically should balance these groups for both known and unknown prognostic factors; however, when… 
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