Re'sume'. Corneal epithelium shed. Anterior chamber contains k.p. and fibrinous exudate. Iris, oedematous and infiltrated. Lens cataractous: capsule ruptured and early abscess formation. Abscesses present in vitreous. Retina detached and undergoing necrosis. Diagnosis. Early panophthalmitis. Remarks. A case is reported of an injured eye infected with penicillin-sensitive organisms which did not respond to penicillin therapy.