The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics.

@article{Hamming1980TheUE,
  title={The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics.},
  author={Richard Wesley Hamming},
  journal={American Mathematical Monthly},
  year={1980},
  volume={87},
  pages={81-90}
}
  • R. Hamming
  • Published 1980
  • American Mathematical Monthly
Prologue. It is evident from the title that this is a philosophical discussion. I shall not apologize for the philosophy, though I am well aware that most scientists, engineers, and mathematicians have little regard for it; instead, I shall give this short prologue to justify the approach. Man, so far as we know, has always wondered about himself, the world around him, and what life is all about. We have many myths from the past that tell how and why God, or the gods, made man and the universe… Expand
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TLDR
In 1960, E. P. Wigner published a paper titled On the Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences, which can be construed as an examination and affirmation of Galileo's tenet that “The book of nature is written in the language of mathematics”. Expand
On the "Mysterious" Effectiveness of Mathematics in Science
This paper notes first that the effectiveness of mathematics in science appears to some writers to be "mysterious" or "unreasonable". Then reasons are given for thinking that science is, at root, theExpand
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There is a story about two friends, who were classmates in high school, talking about their jobs. One of them became a statistician and was working on population trends. He showed a reprint to hisExpand
Thematic Origins of Scientific Thought, Kepler to Einstein
ion of an intellect verbally formulating all its evidence, and carefully estimating the probabitity thereof by a vulgar fraction, by the size of whose denominator and numerator alone it is swayed, isExpand
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Introduction § 1. A Problem and a Conjecture. §2. A Proof. § 3. Criticism of the Proof by Counterexamples which are Local but not Global. § 4. Criticism of the Conjecture by Global Counterexamples.Expand
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