The Unhappy Marriage of Marxism and Feminism: Towards a more Progressive Union

  title={The Unhappy Marriage of Marxism and Feminism: Towards a more Progressive Union},
  author={Heidi I. Hartmann},
  journal={Capital \& Class},
  pages={1 - 33}
  • H. Hartmann
  • Published 1 June 1979
  • Economics
  • Capital & Class
This paper argues that the relation between marxism and feminism has, in all the forms it has so far taken, been an unequal one. While both marxist method and feminist analysis are necessary to an understanding of capitalist societies, and of the position of women within them, in fact feminism has consistently been subordinated. The paper presents a challenge to both marxist and radical feminist work on the “woman question”, and argues that what it is necessary to analyse is the combination of… 
Marxism and feminism: can the ‘unhappy marriage’ be saved?
This article examines the relationship between Marxism and feminism from the late nineteenth century to the present day. It draws on the concept of patriarchy to argue that Marxism's claim to provide
The Unhappy Marriage between Marxism and Race Critique: Political Economy and the Production of Racialized Knowledge
In educational policy theory orthodox Marxism is known for its commitment to objectivism or the science of history. Race analysis is developed in its ability to explain the subjective dimension of
Making Revolutionary Fire: A Review of Marxism and Feminism, edited by Shahrzad Mojab
The edited collection Marxism and Feminism traces both the conceptual divides and political affinities between feminism and Marxism. Utilising a keywords-, or core-concepts approach, the book fleshes
Method, Materialism, and Marxist-Feminism: A Comment on Matthaei
Julie Matthaei’s review of Marxist-feminist contributions to radical economics is thorough and thoughtful. As a survey it cannot be faulted. But—and of course partly because it seeks to provide a
While discussions of dissolving the hyphen between Marxism and feminism were put on the back burner in the United States and England in the 1980s, the author argues that changes in Latin America
Kept Down By the Man, Damn the Man: The Figurative and Literal Alienation of Women
While Feminism and Marxism each promote revolution in the name of equality, Feminist struggle is dismissed by Marxism. As workers, women face the capitalist narrative, but women’s alienation is
Breaking Waves: Feminism and Marxism Revisited
In her revised introduction to Women’s Oppression Today, Michele Barrett writes that she shelved her original project — the attempt to consider alliances between a non-reductive Marxism and feminism
Re-Writing the History of Socialism: Working Women and the Parti Ouvrier Français
What Heidi Hartman has aptly termed the ’unhappy marriage of marxism and feminism’’ has elicited a growing body of theoretical argument amongst contemporary feminists. For many of these writers, the
Marxist-Feminist Contributions to Radical Economics
In the last twenty years, a new and rich school of economic analysis has developed— Marxist-Feminist thought—as part of what many historians now call the “second wave” of feminism (the first was in
Lessons from Feminist Foremothers: The Imagining of the Post-Patriarch
This article explores the imaginings of the post-patriarch through the lens of both liberal and radical feminism and the extent to which these differing strands of feminism can challenge the


Redefining the Question of Revolution
The Marxist concept of revolution is that the means of production should be taken away from those who currently own them. But even after removal of productive properties from the once-ruling classes,
The Formation of the State and the Oppression of Women: Some Theoretical Considerations and A Case Study in England and Wales
This paper seeks to demonstrate the interconnection between the oppression of women and class formation. Primitive social formations, barbar ian chiefdoms, and emergent states are examined in the
Psychoanalysis and Feminism
This text reassesses Freudian psychoanalysis in an attempt to develop an understanding of the psychology of femininity and the ideological oppression of women. Analyzing sexuality, femininity and the
Women in Transition to Socialism: Perspectives on the Chinese Case
economy, clarifying issues which Marxist-feminist analysis might explore more fully in the future. A preliminary examination of changes in women’s role in the period of transition from a traditional
Colonial Labor and Theories of Inequality: The Case of International Harvester
This is a study of minority labor practices at International Harvester from its origins to the present time. Data on these practices is presented to support the argument that minority labor has
Capitalist Efficiency and Socialist Efficiency
Marxism has been blooming around the world. Paul Sweezy and Harry Magdoff call it "a veritable renaissance." Samir Amin celebrates an "extraordinary rebirth." Just as socialist practice has deepened
The Dialectic of Sex
The first two words of this book, “sex class,” jar sensitive Marxists; they suggest an illicit relation and recall the “blood facts” Spengler advanced against Marx's abstract, superficial concepts.
The Conflict Between Nurturance and Autonomy in Mother-Daughter Relationships and Within Feminism
After years of psychoanalytic investigation and practice, Freud admitted that he still could not answer the question, "What do women want?" Ironically, his own theoretical framework may have
The Other Side of the Paycheck: Monopoly Capital and the Structure of Consumption
The housewife is central to understanding women's position in capitalist societies. Marxists expected that the expropriation of production from the household would radically diminish its social
Business Enterprise in a Racial Order
THE businessman’s role in a racial order is, to say the least, ambiguous. In his self-portrait, the businessman appears preoccupied with internal organizational decisions and requirements,