The Underdetermination of Typings

@article{Westerhoff2003TheUO,
  title={The Underdetermination of Typings},
  author={Jan Westerhoff},
  journal={Erkenntnis},
  year={2003},
  volume={58},
  pages={379-414}
}
This paper argues that there is no possible structural way of drawinga distinction between objects of different types, such as individualsand properties of different adicities and orders. We show first thatpurely combinatorial information (information about how objects combine to form states of affairs) is not sufficient for doingthis. We show that for any set of such combinatorial data there isalways more than one way of typing them – that is, there are alwaysseveral ways of classifying the… 

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