The U wave in atrial fibrillation


The U wave in ECGs of patients is difficult to observe because it is hidden under the atrial fibrillatory wave. Measurement and characteristics of the U wave in atrial fibrillation have not previously been described. Beat averaging was used to reveal the U waves in 12lead ECGs of 8 patients with atrial fibrillation taking account of heart rate dependency of U wave characteristics. U wave polarity and amplitude in 12-lead ECG and the amplitude ratio of U wave to atrial fibrillatory wave in lead VI were measured. U waves were measureable in all patients. U waves were predominantly positive in leads 1. 11. aVF. V2. V3, V4, V5 and V6, negative in leads aVR. Amplitudes were largest in the precordial leads measuring up to 55 fJ V. In lead VI the U wave amplitude was on average 0.17 (range 0.1 to 0.4) times the amplitude of the atrial fibrillatory wave. U waves can be measured by ventricular beat averaging in AF patients. U waves were normal in this small group of patients.

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@article{Langley2015TheUW, title={The U wave in atrial fibrillation}, author={Philip Langley and John P. Bourke and Alan Murray}, journal={2015 Computing in Cardiology Conference (CinC)}, year={2015}, pages={833-836} }