The Type-Token Distinction and Four Problems with Propertarian IP Justifications

@article{Gamrot2021TheTD,
  title={The Type-Token Distinction and Four Problems with Propertarian IP Justifications},
  author={Wojciech Gamrot},
  journal={Axiomathes},
  year={2021},
  pages={1-13}
}
Propertarian justifications of intellectual property postulate the appropriation of various entities, often called patterns, designs, or technologies. These must be immaterial and should not be confused with material structures that embody them. Hence two classes of objects are distinguished. It is convenient to refer to them as types and tokens. The type must involve a condition defining which material structures should be considered its tokens. For an IP regime to be economically meaningful… Expand

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