The Two-Point Threshold

@article{Craig2000TheTT,
  title={The Two-Point Threshold},
  author={James C. Craig and Kenneth O. Johnson},
  journal={Current Directions in Psychological Science},
  year={2000},
  volume={9},
  pages={29 - 32}
}
  • J. Craig, K. Johnson
  • Published 1 February 2000
  • Psychology
  • Current Directions in Psychological Science
The two-point threshold, or compass test, has long been used as a measure of tactile spatial resolution; however, since it was first developed, there have been problems associated with its use. Some of these problems include setting an appropriate criterion for responding “two,” extreme variability both within and between subjects, and the ability of subjects to discriminate two points from one at separations well below the two-point threshold. Recent neurophysiological results have clarified… 
Two-Point Orientation Discrimination Versus the Traditional Two-Point Test for Tactile Spatial Acuity Assessment
TLDR
It is concluded that the traditional two-point task provides an unintended non-spatial cue, resulting in spuriously good performance at small spatial separations, and is recommended for the use of two- point orientation discrimination for neurological assessment.
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Results obtained from this study showed that the performance of the amplitude discrimination task was significantly degraded when the stimuli were delivered simultaneously and were near a subject's two-point limen, and subjects were able to correctly discriminate between the amplitudes when they were sequentially delivered at all inter-probe distances.
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TLDR
Results indicate that the neck could be a viable location to effectively communicate tactile information in a uniform fashion.
Two-point tactile discrimination ability is influenced by temporal features of stimulation
TLDR
The results indicate that temporal features of tactile stimulation significantly influence sensory performance in a tactile spatial discrimination task and Precise control of temporal stimulus parameters should help to reduce variations in results on the two-point discrimination threshold.
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TLDR
A comparison with the two-point and grating orientation task data showed that the test-retest reliability of the acuity chart measurements after one week was superior to that of the passive methods, suggesting that tactile spatial resolution is a complex entity that should ideally be measured with different methods in parallel.
Vibrotactile Spatial Acuity and Intensity Discrimination on the Lower Back Using Coin Motors
TLDR
This study has determined the two-point discrimination threshold and intensity-discrimination threshold (just-noticeable difference, or JND) on the lower back using coin motors and provides the predicted spatial resolution and contrast resolution achievable with a back-worn tactile display based on coin motors.
Temporal factors in tactile spatial acuity: evidence for RA interference in fine spatial processing.
TLDR
The grating orientation threshold (GOT)-the spatial period at which subjects can reliably discriminate the orientation of the grating-increased as the vibratory frequency of the gratings increased, and adapting RA afferent fibers improved spatial acuity, as gauged by GOTs, at the high flutter frequencies.
Psychophysical Evaluation of a Tactile Display Based on Coin Motors
TLDR
This study has tested the performance of a prototype 96-tactor vibrotactile using a subset of 64 tactors and determined the tactile spatial acuity and intensity discrimination in 14 naïve subjects.
Tactile co-activation improves detection of afferent spatial modulation
TLDR
Findings indicate that the SM/GV task may be better suited than the GR/OR or 3-dot tasks for measuring changes in tactile sensitivity following co-activation, and that the latter requires only that spatial modulation in the afferent population be detected.
A comparison of tactile spatial sensitivity on the palm and fingerpad
  • J. Craig, K. Lyle
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Perception & psychophysics
  • 2001
TLDR
Performance of spatial tasks on the palm can be predicted quantitatively from fingerpad data with a moderate degree of accuracy, indicating that spatial patterns are processed similarly at the two sites.
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