Glucocorticoid receptor DNA binding factor 1 expression and osteosarcoma prognosis
p190RhoGAP (p190) is a negative regulator of RhoGTPases and a putative tumor suppressor, whose mechanism of tumor suppression is poorly defined. Ectopic expression of p190 induces various morphological phenotypes, including multinucleation, dendrite-like formation, and chromatin condensation, suggesting an involvement in apoptosis. We examined the possibility that p190 can function as a tumor suppressor by regulating induction of apoptosis. We show that the predominant phenotype of p190 overexpression in a variety of cell lines is apoptosis, which is mediated through p190's regulation of Rho and caspases. The secondary phenotypes, multinucleation and dendrite-like formation, are determined by transformation status, not cell lineage, and appear to be intermediate phenotypes in the p190-induced apoptotic pathway. Finally, we show that p190 levels can regulate the apoptotic response of breast cancer cell lines to docetaxel through its regulation of Rho. Together, these findings suggest that one mechanism by which p190 can mediate its tumor-suppressive function is through regulation of Rho-activated cell death pathways and that this function can be exploited to optimize the action of cytoskeletal-based chemotherapeutics, such as the taxanes.