The Trouble with Psychopathy as a General Theory of Crime

@article{Walters2004TheTW,
  title={The Trouble with Psychopathy as a General Theory of Crime},
  author={Glenn D. Walters},
  journal={International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology},
  year={2004},
  volume={48},
  pages={133 - 148}
}
  • G. Walters
  • Published 1 April 2004
  • Psychology
  • International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
The concept of psychopathy, as defined by Robert Hare, is reviewed with respect to its status as a general theory of crime. A hybrid of the medical pathology model and personality trait approach, the psychopathy concept proposes that a significant portion of serious crime is committed by psychopathic individuals. Hare’s version of psychopathy, besides demonstrating weak applicability and a propensity for tautology, is subject to labeling effects, over simplicity, reductionism, the fundamental… 

Tables from this paper

Psychopathy, Its Etiology, and the Nature of Crime

The current chapter examines psychopathy, its etiological bases, and the nature of crime. Here, it is suggested that psychopathy mirrors the elemental nature and embodies the pejorative essence of

Why Psychopathy as Unified Theory of Crime

The current chapter provides an overview of the research, clinical, and practitioner experiences and academic disciplinary sources of motivation for this book. Psychopathy is a useful heuristic

Psychopathy is the Unified Theory of Crime

Psychopathy is an important clinical construct that has been studied for more than 200 years and has exploded in recent years as a guiding explanatory concept for a range of antisocial behaviors

The emergence and development of psychopathy

Currently, psychopathy and related terms such as antisocial personality disorder are popular yet problematic constructs within forensic psychology and other disciplines. Psychopathy is traced

Psicopatía: una perspectiva dimensional y no penal del constructo

The history of psychopathy is remarkably tied to antisocial behavior, as shown by Latin American studies in the area predominantly investigating psychopathy in criminal contexts. However, recent

Donald Trump: Narcissist, Psychopath or Representative of the People?

Donald Trump's detractors have called him a sociopath, psychopath, and narcissist, or as having an anti-social personality disorder. To his supporters he is a charismatic representative of the

An Exploration of Psychopathy as a Neuroscience Construct

Hare’s psychopathy construct as defined by the Psychopathy ChecklistRevised has been utilized internationally as a risk assessment instrument for quite some time. Despite this, since its inception it

SCIENCE OF CONSCIENCE: METAPHYSICS, MORALITY, AND RHETORIC IN PSYCHOPATHY RESEARCH

The psychopathy project a term used here to describe the various efforts to establish psychopathy as an object of science has existed in one form or another for over two hundred years. At present, it

Self-Report Measures of Psychopathy, Antisocial Personality, and Criminal Lifestyle

This article reports results from five studies. Exploratory factor analysis was used to select indicators from the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles, Levenson Self-Report

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 72 REFERENCES

Psychopathy and Violence in Criminals

The present study investigated the relationship between criminal psychopathy and violent behavior. Groups were defined according to psychopathy ratings (Hare's Psychopathy Checklist) and violence.

Psychopathy as a taxon: evidence that psychopaths are a discrete class.

TLDR
Taxometric analyses were applied to the construct of psychopathy and to several variables reflecting antisocial childhood, adult criminality, and criminal recidivism and supported the existence of a taxon underlying psychopathy.

Assessment of psychopathy as a function of age.

TLDR
The results suggest that age-related differences in traits related to impulsivity, social deviance, and antisocial behavior are not necessarily paralleled by differences in the egocentric, manipulative, and callous traits fundamental to psychopathy.

Psychopathy and therapeutic pessimism. Clinical lore or clinical reality?

  • R. Salekin
  • Psychology
    Clinical psychology review
  • 2002

Psychopathy and community violence among civil psychiatric patients: results from the MacArthur Violence Risk Assessment Study.

TLDR
The results indicate that the PCL:SV is a relatively strong predictor of violence, but the predictive power of the PCs is not based on its assessment of the core traits of psychopathy, as traditionally construed.

Psychopathy and developmental instability.

Psychopathy, Treatment Involvement, and Subsequent Violence Among Civil Psychiatric Patients

TLDR
The results suggest that psychopathic traits do not moderate the effect of treatment involvement on violence, even after controlling statistically for the treatment assignment process.

Psychopathy and violent recidivism

The violent recidivism rates of 169 adult male mentally disordered offenders released from a maximum security psychiatric hospital were compared over an average 10-year follow-up period. Forty

Psychopaths: Is a therapeutic community therapeutic?

A therapeutic community for psychopathic and non-psychopathic mentally disordered male offenders is described. The programme was humanistic, heavily peer operated, run by a charismatic leader,
...