The Treadmill of Destruction: National Sacrifice Areas and Native Americans

@article{Hooks2004TheTO,
  title={The Treadmill of Destruction: National Sacrifice Areas and Native Americans},
  author={Gregory Hooks and Chad Lee Smith},
  journal={American Sociological Review},
  year={2004},
  volume={69},
  pages={558 - 575}
}
When examining environmental justice and injustice, surprisingly few studies have examined the experiences of Native Americans. In filling this gap, we criticize and build on environmental and political sociology. We make the case and provide evidence that the U.S. military pursues a pattern of environmental “bads” that cannot be reduced to capitalism and that coercive state policies can mold the spatial distribution of people relative to environmental dangers. Our contribution, then, is both… 

Tables from this paper

Elite and marginalised actors in toxic treadmills: challenging the power of the state, military, and economy

The theoretical frameworks of the treadmill of production and the treadmill of destruction are used to explore how the expansionary dynamics of capitalism and militarism, along with a complicit state

Recasting the Treadmills of Production and Destruction

TLDR
The goal is not to establish the single best unitary theory, but to identify and gain insight into the generative mechanisms that shape and constrain human interactions with the environment.

New directions in environmental justice studies: examining the state and violence

ABSTRACT The field of environmental justice studies has blossomed into a multidisciplinary body of scholarship in the last few decades with contributions across the social sciences, humanities, law,

MILITARIZED LANDSCAPES AND MILITARY ENVIRONMENTALISM IN BRITAIN, FRANCE, AND THE UNITED STATES

This article draws together empirical case studies from Britain, France, and the United States to develop the nascent history of landscapes used to prepare for war and national defense. Although

U.S. sociology and the Iraq War

  • E. Bonds
  • Sociology, Political Science
  • 2017
The 2003 U.S. invasion and subsequent occupation of Iraq had profound consequences for the people living in that nation. In this essay, I provide a brief overview of the dramatic changes that

Treadmills of Production and Destruction

The treadmill of production has identified and examined an inherent dynamic that results in the inexorable expansion of capitalism. Although it is argued that a number of benefits accompany this

Defending Nation, Defending Nature? Militarized Landscapes and Military Environmentalism in Britain, France, and the United States

This article draws together empirical case studies from Britain, France, and the United States to develop the nascent history of landscapes used to prepare for war and national defense. Although

On the Ecomateriality of Racial-colonial Domination in Rhode Island

  • M. Murphy
  • Sociology
    Political Power and Social Theory
  • 2021
What insights might attending to the cyclical history of colonially imposed environmental change experienced by Indigenous peoples offer to critical intellectual projects concerned with race? How

Environmental (in)justice

The article reviews two decades of scholars’ claims that exposures to pollution and other environmental risks are unequally distributed by race and class, examines case studies of environmental

Native Americans: Where in Environmental Justice Theory and Research?

Unique political and cultural dynamics surround the study and pursuit of environmental justice (EJ) in Native American communities. While the last two decades have seen important theoretical,
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 94 REFERENCES

Environmental Injustice In The U.S.: Myths And Realities

Environmental Injustice in the United States provides systematic insight into the social, economic, and political dynamics of environmental decision-making, and the impacts of those decisions on

Environmental Inequalities: Literature Review and Proposals for New Directions in Research and Theory

The first battles that led to the formation of the Environmental Justice movement also produced the first studies of race and exposure to toxins. Subsequently, demographers, geographers,

Environmental Justice in South Africa

GEOGRAPHY, THE ENVIRONMENT, AND DEMOGRAPHY David A. McDonald, ed. Environmental Justice in South Africa. Athens: Ohio University Press/Cape Town: University of Cape Town Press, 2002. 319 pp. Notes.

Treadmills of Production and Destruction

The treadmill of production has identified and examined an inherent dynamic that results in the inexorable expansion of capitalism. Although it is argued that a number of benefits accompany this

Unintended, Inexorable

Instead of demonstrating the existence of environmental race and class inequalities at one point in time, social scientists must now do historical studies that explain how such inequalities are

The sources of social power

  • M. Mann
  • History, Political Science
  • 1986
I leave theoretical conclusions to my fourth volume, though it is already obvious that to understand the development of modern societies we must give broadly equal attention to the causal power and

American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass

  • D. Massey
  • Economics
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1990
This article argues that racial segregation is crucial to explaining the emergence of the urban underclass during the 1970s. A strong interaction between rising rates of poverty and high levels of

All our relations : native struggles for land and life

W inona LaDuke (Anishanaabeg) is a high-profile environmental activist, director of the White Earth Land Recovery Project, and most recently Ralph Nader’s Green Party vice presidential candidate.

Three faces of cruelty: Towards a comparative sociology of violence

ConclusionIn our contemporary society, ferocious cruelty is no longer structurally induced; it is no longer part of the dominant ceremonial order, although we still find individual cases. In this

Local Capitalism, Civic Engagement, and Socioeconomic Well-Being

This analysis is designed to extend a newly emerging body of social stratification research grounded in theories of civil society. The goal of this larger body of research and writing is to provide
...